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Battleship (film)

2012 military science fiction film by Peter Berg based on the board game of the same name

Battleship is a 2012 American military science fictionaction film based on the board gameof the same name. The film was directed by Peter Berg and stars Alexander Skarsgård, Taylor Kitsch, Brooklyn Decker, Rihanna, Tadanobu Asano, and Liam Neeson. Filming took place in Hawaii and on USS Missouri. In the film, the crews of a small group of warships are forced to battle against a naval fleet of extraterrestrial origin in order to thwart their destructive goals.

Battleship premiered in Tokyo on April 3, 2012, and was released by Universal Pictures in the United States on May 18, 2012. It received mixed reviews from critics and was a box office bomb, grossing just $303 million worldwide against a production budget of over $209 million, resulting in a $150 million loss for the studio.


In 2005, a planet designated "Planet G" is discovered to be a potentially habitable planet with conditions similar to Earth and a communications array is built by NASA in Oahu, a year later, designed to send transmissions to the planet to establish contact with any intelligent life. Meanwhile, Alex Hopper is arrested while attempting to impress Sam Shane, the daughter of Admiral Terrance Shane. His brother, Commander Stone Hopper, forces Alex to join the U.S. Navy in order to improve his life.

In 2012, Alex and Sam are in a relationship; Alex serves as a Tactical Actions Officer as a lieutenant aboard USS John Paul Jones while Stone is the commanding officer of USS Sampson, but Alex is in danger of receiving a disciplinary discharge. During the 2012 RIMPAC exercise, five alien spacecraft arrive. Their communications ship is damaged upon colliding with a satellite while entering the atmosphere and crashes in Hong Kong causing many deaths while the other four plunge into the waters off Hawaii. Sampson, John Paul Jones, and Japanese destroyer JDSMyōkō are ordered by Admiral Shane to investigate, and they discover a floating structure. When Alex touches it, it generates a force field that encloses the Hawaiian Islands, isolating them and the three destroyers from the rest of the world, while jamming all radar and communications inside it. Three alien warships surface and in a resultant engagement, the Myōkō is destroyed, the Sampson is lost with all hands including Stone, and the command crew of John Paul Jones are killed, with Alex, the next senior officer, reluctantly assuming command. The fight is ended when John Paul Jones disengages to recover the survivors from Myōkō, including her commanding officer Captain Yugi Nagata, whom Alex began a rivalry with after he accidentally kicked Alex in the face during a soccer match earlier. The aliens launch drones designed to cause heavy damage to attack Oahu, destroying military installations and roads leading into Oahu’s mountains.

On Oahu, Sam is accompanying retired U.S. Armylieutenant colonel and double amputee Mick Canales on a mountain hike. After becoming aware of the aliens' presence, they encounter scientist Cal Zapata who works at the communications array and informs them the aliens took it over, and Mick determines they will use it to re-establish military communications with their home planet. Aboard John Paul Jones, naval personnel capture a semi-conscious alien, which forms a telepathic link with Alex, showing him their history of destroying worlds. Other aliens arrive and retrieve their comrade, but one stays behind to sabotage the ship. When the alien's armored suit proves difficult to penetrate, Alex lures it into the line of fire of the destroyer’s 5-inch gun, which Raikes uses to obliterate it. Examination of the captured alien's helmet reveals the aliens' eyes are sensitive to sunlight. Ashore, Sam, Nick and Zapata recover his spectrum analyzer from the aliens and use it to radio John Paul Jones to inform them the aliens intend military telecommunication with their home planet, when the facility’s satellite is in its proper position in orbit to transmit their signal, in four hours.

As night falls Captain Nagata suggests a pure guess of using the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrationtsunami warning buoys around Hawaii to track the alien warships without radar. This allows John Paul Jones to destroy two of them. The third ship proves too elusive for the ship’s missiles to hit, so they lure it into a position in which it is in view of the John Paul Jones and facing east, just as the sun rises. This allows Alex and Nagata to shoot out its bridge windows with sniper rifles, blinding its crew with sunlight so John Paul Jones can destroy it. As the sun rises, the destroyer attempts to target the communications array, but a pair of drones sink the John Paul Jones. Alex, Nagata, and several other sailors barely escape the sinking ship in RHIBs.

The survivors return to Pearl Harbor and commandeer the previously decommissioned World War II battleshipUSS Missouri with the aid of the retired veterans preserving her, restoring her to battle readiness. Going to the communications array, they are confronted by the floating structure, revealed to be a giant mothership. Missouri is able to severely damage the mothership and disable the force field, and Admiral Shane immediately summons fighter jets from aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan. One of the battleship’s turrets, which was carrying the ship’s last shell, is disabled in the battle, so Alex and several other sailors carry the massive round to the closest operational turret. Meanwhile, Sam, Mick and Cal attempt to stall the aliens at the communications array, where Mick kills an alien soldier in hand to hand combat. Alex chooses to use the Missouri's last shell for destroying the communications array, rendering the Missouri defenseless from drones launched by the foundering mothership. Just before impact, the drones are destroyed by Royal Australian Air ForceBoeing F/A-18 fighter jets which then finish off the mothership, saving Missouri and eliminating the alien threat. The damaged Missouri then makes her way back to Pearl Harbor.

In the aftermath of the conflict, a ceremony is held to honor the military personnel, where Alex is promoted to lieutenant commander and presented with a Silver Star and his brother's posthumous Navy Cross. Admiral Shane promises Alex will soon have a ship of his own while he is also offered a chance to become a Navy SEAL. After the ceremony, Alex asks Sam's father Admiral Shane for her hand in marriage. The admiral initially refuses, but then invites Alex to lunch to discuss the matter.

In a post-credits scene, three teenagers and a handyman in Scotland discover a crashed alien pod. When they open it, an alien hand reaches out, and they run off in terror.


  • Taylor Kitsch as Lieutenant Alex Hopper, an undisciplined U.S. Navy Weapons Officer assigned to USS John Paul Jones.
  • Alexander Skarsgård as Commander Stone Hopper, Alex's older brother, Commanding Officer of USS Sampson.
  • Rihanna as Gunner's Mate Second Class Cora Raikes, on USS John Paul Jones.
  • Brooklyn Decker as Samantha Shane, a physical therapist and Alex's girlfriend.
  • Tadanobu Asano as Captain Yugi Nagata, JMSDF, Commanding Officer of JDS Myōkō.
  • Liam Neeson as Admiral Terrance Shane, Commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet and father of Samantha Shane.
  • Hamish Linklater as Cal Zapata, a scientist working on O'ahu
  • Jesse Plemons as Boatswains mate Seaman Jimmy "Ordy" Ord, on USS John Paul Jones
  • John Tui as Chief Petty Officer Walter "Beast" Lynch, a crew mate of USS John Paul Jones
  • Gregory D. Gadson as Lieutenant Colonel Mick Canales, a U.S. Army combat veteran and double amputee.
  • Adam Godley as Dr. Nogrady, the scientist leading the Beacon program.
  • Peter MacNicol as the U.S. Secretary of Defense.
  • Jerry Ferrara as Sampson JOOD Strodell
  • Stephen Bishop as JPJ OOD
  • Josh Pence as Chief Moore
  • Rami Malek as Lt. Hill
  • Louis Lombardi as Bartender
  • Gary Grubbs as USAF Chief of Staff


Alexander Skarsgard, Brooklyn Decker and Peter Berg promoting the film at WonderCon2012.

Battleship was green-lit with a production budget of $150 million, but went through a troubled pre-production. Universal at one point considered canceling the film, which would have resulted in a $30 million loss. However, new chairman Adam Fogelson decided the studio would lose less money if they increased the budget of the film instead of outright cancelling it.[4] Filming was set to take place in Australia's Gold Coast in 2010, but changed location due to a lack of Australian government tax incentives and a high estimated budget of $220 million.[5]

Filming took place in the United States on the Hawaiian islands of Maui and Oahu, as well as on the mainland where they had to film a few apartment scenes in Sherman Oaks, California, and they had also filmed a driving scene along with a shootout in Playa del Rey, California.[6] Some scenes were also filmed in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.[7]

Further filming was done on USS Missouri.[8] Also featured in the film were the real-life guided missile destroyers USS John Paul Jones (DDG-53) and USS Sampson (DDG-102) both of which are active members of the US Navy Pacific Fleet. A Kongō-class destroyer of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force also appeared in the film.[9]

The Science & Entertainment Exchange provided science consultation for the film.[10]


Jeremy Renner was originally considered for the role of Hopper.[11][12] In April 2010, it was reported that Taylor Kitsch had been cast as Alex Hopper,[12][13] Alexander Skarsgård played his brother Stone Hopper, Brooklyn Decker stars as Sam, Hopper's fiancee and Liam Neeson as Admiral Shane, Sam's father and Hopper's superior officer.[14][15] Barbadian R&B singer Rihanna makes her acting debut in the film, as a sailor.[16] In an interview with GQ, Berg explained how he came up with the idea to cast her. He realized she could act after her appearance on Saturday Night Live.[17] She accepted the role because she wanted "to do something badass" and also because it wasn't a role too big for her to play.[18]Tadanobu Asano also has a role in the film as the commander of a Japanese Kongō-class destroyer. Double amputee U.S. Army ColonelGregory Gadson, who had never acted before, plays LTC Mick Canales.[19] He was cast after Berg saw a picture of him in the National Geographic Magazine.[20]

The film marks the reunion between former co-stars Kitsch and Jesse Plemons, who previously worked together on Berg's television series Friday Night Lights. Berg said he loves working with friends and explained he knew how comfortable Kitsch was with Plemons, "I know that he’s really good for Taylor and he makes Taylor better. So, I wrote that whole part for Jesse." He added, "I never thought of it as a Friday Night Lights reunion. I thought of it as protection, bringing a trusted family member in."[21]

U.S. Navy sailors were used as extras in various parts of this film. Sailors from assorted commands in Navy Region Hawaii assisted with line handling to take Missouri in and out of port for a day of shooting in mid 2010. A few months later, the production team put out a casting call for sailors stationed at various sea commands at Naval Station Mayport, Florida to serve as extras.[22] Sailors were also taken from various ships stationed at Naval Station Mayport, Jacksonville, Florida: USS Hué City, USS Carney and USS Vicksburg were some of the ships that provided sailors.[23]


Due to his success with the Transformers franchise, composer Steve Jablonsky was chosen to score the official soundtrack. The soundtrack features original compositions from Jablonsky and features rock guitarist Tom Morello from Rage Against the Machine. Director Peter Berg stated:

Working with composers often is a really frustrating experience because you speak a different language and, oftentimes, they take two or three jobs, at the same time. They're difficult and pretentious and they're tormented artists. I'm not going to name names, but most of them are. One guy who isn't is Hans Zimmer, who taught Steve Jablonsky. We had a couple of meetings and I came up with this idea. The day I met with him, I had had an MRI for my neck, and they make that really scary sound. I was like, 'I just had this MRI, and when I was in there, I was thinking about the aliens, and it was really scary.' And he was like, 'Oh, that's awesome!' He went and recorded MRIs and made music out of MRIs, and that's the theme of the aliens in our film. He is no drama, and just goes and gets it done. The score is big and awesome and scary and driving. At times, it's very simple and acoustic and touching and emotional. He's the best I've ever worked with.[24]

Track listing[edit]

All songs written and composed by Steve Jablonsky except where noted.

1."First Transmission"3:19
2."The Art of War"4:33
3."Full Attack"3:55
4."You're Going to the Navy"1:04
5."The Beacon Project"5:09
6."Objects Make Impact"4:40
7."First Contact, Part I"1:53
8."First Contact, Part II"2:10
9."It's Your Ship Now"4:05
11."Regents Are on the Mainland"2:44
12."Trying to Communicate"3:17
13."Water Displacement"2:20
14."Buoy Grid Battle"3:05
15."USS John Paul Jones"2:25
16."We Have a Battleship"2:51
17."Somebody's Gonna Kiss the Donkey"4:35
18."Super Battle" (composed by Tom Morello)1:34
19."Thug Fight" (featuring Tom Morello)3:31
20."Battle on Land and Sea"2:50
21."Silver Star"1:56
22."The Aliens"4:20
23."Planet G"4:01
Total length:77:28
Additional music credits


The film was originally planned to be released in 2011, but was rescheduled to May 18, 2012, in the United States.[25] The film's world premiere took place in Tokyo on April 3, 2012. The event was attended by director Peter Berg, actors Taylor Kitsch, Brooklyn Decker, Alexander Skarsgård and Rihanna. Later on they initiated a Press Tour visiting Madrid, London and Cartagena de Indias to promote the film.


Box office[edit]

Battleship grossed $65.4 million in the United States and Canada, and $237.6 million in other territories, for a worldwide total of $303 million, against a production budget of $209 million.[2] In May 2012, The Hollywood Reporter estimated the film would lose $150 million.[26]

The film opened in several territories on Wednesday, April 11, 2012, five weeks before its North America release, grossing $7.4 million.[27] Through April 13, the film had earned a three-day total of $25 million.[28] By the end of its opening weekend, it earned $55.2 million from 26 markets, ranking second behind the 3D re-release of Titanic.[29] In its second weekend, it topped the box office outside North America, with $60 million.[30] In South Korea, it achieved the highest-grossing opening day for a non-sequel and the third-highest overall ($2.8 million).[28] In comparison to other Hasbro films, Battleship's opening in the United Kingdom (£3.76 million) was behind the first Transformers (£8.72 million), but did better than G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra (£1.71 million).[31]

In the United States, Battleship grossed $8.8 million on its opening day, with $420,000 from midnight showings.[32] It went on to debut to $25.5 million, finishing in second place behind Marvel's The Avengers.[33][34][35]

Critical response[edit]

Rotten Tomatoes reports that 34% of 225 critics gave the film a positive review, with an average rating of 4.59/10. The site's critics consensus reads: "It may offer energetic escapism for less demanding filmgoers, but Battleship is too loud, poorly written, and formulaic to justify its expense – and a lot less fun than its source material."[36]Metacritic assigned the film a weighted average score of 41 out of 100, based on 39 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".[37] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B" on an A+ to F scale.[38]

Megan Lehmann of The Hollywood Reporter thought that the "impressive visual effects and director Peter Berg's epic set pieces fight against an armada of cinematic clichés and some truly awful dialogue."[39]Empire magazine's Nick de Semlyen felt there was a lack of character development and memorable action shots, and sums up his review of the movie in one word: "Miss."[40]

Many reviews criticised the "based on a board game" concept driving the film, although some, such as Jason Di Rosso from the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's Radio National, claimed the ridiculousness of the setup is "either sheer joy or pure hell – depending on how seriously you take it", while de Semlyen "had to admire [the film's creators] jumping through hoops to engineer a sequence that replicates the board game."[40][41][42] Several compared the film to Michael Bay's Transformers film series in terms of quality and cinematic style, with Giles Hardie of The Sydney Morning Herald claiming that the movie "finds the same balance between action-packed imagination and not taking the premise seriously that made Michael Bay's original Transformers such a joyride."[39][41] Andrew Harrison of Q magazine called the film "crushingly stupid".[43] Film critic Kenneth Turan, in a review written for the Los Angeles Times, also expressed disappointment, criticizing the film's "humanoid aliens", stating that they are "as ungainly as the movie itself, clunking around in awkward, protective suits." He called the content "all very earnest", but added "it's not a whole lot of fun".[44]Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave the film one out of four stars, and he commented "Battleship is all noise and crashing metal, sinking to the shallows of Michael Bay's Armageddon and then digging to the brain-extinction level of the Transformers trilogy."

Other critics were less harsh for Battleship: Writing for Time, Steven James Snyder was somewhat positive because he had low expectations of the film. He wrote, "The creative team behind this ocean-bound thriller decided to fill the narrative black hole with a few ingredients all but absent from today’s summer tent poles – namely mystery, nostalgia and a healthy dose of humility" and described it as "an unlikely mix of Independence Day, Pearl Harbor, Jurassic Park and The Hunt for Red October".[45] Giving it a C+ grade, Lisa Schwarzbaum of Entertainment Weekly said, "For every line of howler dialogue that should have been sunk, there's a nice little scene in which humans have to make a difficult decision. For every stretch of generic sci-fi-via-CGI moviemaking, there's a welcome bit of wit."[46]The Washington Post gave the film a three-star rating out of four commenting it is "an invigorating blast of cinematic adrenaline".[47]Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film 2.5 stars out of 4, praising the climax as "an honest-to-God third act, instead of just settling for nonstop fireballs and explosions, as Bay likes to do. I don't want to spoil it for you. Let's say the Greatest Generation still has the right stuff and leave it at that."[48]


List of awards and nominations
Award Category Recipient(s) and nominee(s) Result
Annie Awards[49]Best Animated Effects in a Live Action Production Willi Geiger, Rick Hankins, Florent Andorra, Florian Witzel, Aron Bonar Nominated
Golden Trailer Awards[50]Best Sound Editing
Best Summer Blockbuster 2012 TV Spot
Houston Film Critics Society[51]Worst Film
Golden Raspberry Awards[52][53]Worst Picture
Worst DirectorPeter Berg
Worst Supporting ActorLiam Neeson
Worst Supporting ActressBrooklyn Decker
Worst ScreenplayJon Hoeber and Eric Hoeber Nominated
Worst Screen Ensemble
Saturn Awards[54]Best Special EffectsGrady Cofer, Pablo Helman, Jeanie King and Burt DaltonNominated
Teen Choice Awards[55]Choice Movie Breakout RihannaWon
Visual Effects Society[56]Outstanding Visual Effects in a Visual-Effects Driven Film Grady Cofer, Pablo Helman, Kevin Elam, Glen McIntosh Nominated
Outstanding FX and Simulation Animation in a Live Action Feature Motion Picture Florent Andorra, Willi Geiger, Rick Hankins, Florian Witzel

Home media[edit]

Battleship was released on DVD and Blu-ray on August 20, 2012 in the United Kingdom,[57] and on August 28 in the United States and Canada.[58] Its revenue was $32.4 million. Battleship was released on 4K Blu-Ray on January 17, 2017.[59] It received a novelization written by Peter David.[60]

Video game[edit]

A video game based on the film, titled Battleship, was released on May 15, 2012 to coincide with the film's international release. The game was published by Activision and developed by Double Helix Games for PlayStation 3, Wii, and Xbox 360, and developed by Magic Pockets for Nintendo 3DS and Nintendo DS.

Board game[edit]

Hasbro released several new editions of the classic board game, including an update to the regular fleet-vs.-fleet game and a "movie edition", featuring the alien vessels and a card-based play mode.

See also[edit]


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  2. ^ abcd"Battleship". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
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  8. ^O'Connell, Maureen (May 21, 2012). ""Mighty Mo" plays starring role in Hawaii-filmed "Battleship" movie". www.hawaiimagazine.com.
  9. ^Kyle Mizokami (July 27, 2011). "MSDF in New Hollywood Film, "BATTLESHIP"". New Pacific Institute Project.
  10. ^"Recent Projects". National Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  11. ^Rosenberg, Adam (February 18, 2012). "'The Hurt Locker' Star Jeremy Renner In Talks For 'Battleship,' Edgar Allen[sic] Poe's Last Days Thriller". MTV. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
  12. ^ ab"Taylor Kitsch to Star in 'Battleship' Film (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. April 4, 2010. Archived from the original on August 1, 2010. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
  13. ^Winning, Josh (April 8, 2010). "Taylor Kitsch boards Battleship movie". Total Film. Retrieved March 20, 2011.
  14. ^"Liam Neeson Joins Battleship Cast". ComingSoon.net. September 7, 2010. Archived from the original on September 9, 2010. Retrieved September 7, 2010.
  15. ^Benigno, Anthony (July 27, 2010). "Rihanna to make movie debut in 'Battleship' opposite Alexander Skarsgard, Taylor Kitsch". Daily News. Retrieved March 20, 2011.
  16. ^McNary, Dave (July 26, 2010). "Rihanna to star in Universal's Battleship". Variety. Retrieved March 20, 2011.
  17. ^Berg, Peter (April 4, 2012). "Why I cast Rihanna in Battleship". GQ. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
  18. ^Prinzivalli, Fallon (April 3, 2012). "Rihanna Wanted To Be 'Badass,' Not A Love Interest In 'Battleship'". MTV. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
  19. ^"Legless colonel plays self in Battleship". Phil Star. April 14, 2012. Archived from the original on September 4, 2014. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
  20. ^"Pete Berg Interview". View London. p. 2. Retrieved May 12, 2012.
  21. ^Radish, Christina (March 19, 2012). "Brooklyn Decker and Director Peter Berg Talk BATTLESHIP, Naval Warfare and the Design of the Aliens at WonderCon". Collider.com. Retrieved April 15, 2012.
  22. ^Gordon, Mike (November 11, 2011). "Whatever the plot, Missouri has big role in 'Battleship'". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  23. ^Klimas, Jacqueline (May 15, 2012). "Sailors vs. aliens: 'Battleship' debuts Friday". Navy Times. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
  24. ^"Brooklyn Decker and Director Peter Berg Talk BATTLESHIP, Naval Warfare and the Design of the Aliens at WonderCon". Collider. March 19, 2012. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
  25. ^Weintraub, Steve (February 5, 2010). "Peter Berg's Battleship Is Now Sailing Memorial Day Weekend 2012". Collider.com. Retrieved July 10, 2010.
  26. ^Masters, Kim (May 23, 2012). "'Battleship' Fallout: Lessons From a Box Office Sinking (Analysis)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 24, 2021.
  27. ^Finke, Nikki (March 13, 2012). "'Battleship' Builds $25M Foreign War Chest". Deadline.com. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
  28. ^ abMcClintock, Pamela (March 14, 2012). "Box Office Report: 'Hunger Games' Edges Out 'Three Stooges,' 'Cabin in the Woods'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 15, 2012. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
  29. ^Segers, Frank (March 15, 2012). "Foreign Box Office: 'Titanic 3D' Unsinkable No. 1 Overseas After Sensational China Debut". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  30. ^Subers, Ray (April 24, 2012). "Around-the-World Roundup: 'Battleship' Sinks 'Titanic'". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
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  32. ^Finke, Nikki (May 20, 2012). "BOMBS AWAY! 'Battleship' Sinks To $25.3M Torpedoed By Still Strong 'Avengers'; Lame 'What To Expect' Behind Limp 'The Dictator'". deadline.com. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
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  40. ^ abde Semlyen, Nick. "Empire's Battleship Movie Review". Empire Magazine. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
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  60. ^David, Peter Allen (2012). Battleship. ISBN .

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battleship_(film)

21st Century Holistic Force Protection for the Army using the BATTLEBOXTM System

"The ultimate objective of an army is to impose its collective will on the enemy. But its first mission is simply to exist. Its first problem is to feed and clothe and shelter itself, and to be able to move itself from one place to another. Most people think of an army as expending its energy in fighting the enemy. Actually, most of an army's energy goes into keeping itself alive and in being; and in getting itself to where a very small portion of its numbers can fight an equally small portion of the enemy's total army. As soon as we won in , we had no place for our army to fight the Reichswehr. But even when Rommel's armies were still terrible, a surprisingly small portion of the Allied "armed forces" in was engaged in fighting it. And of those who are entitled to battle stars on their ribbons, only a small fraction were killing in the literal sense. And even the killers spent most of their time --I would guess an average of twenty-two hours out of twenty-four-- in house-keeping for themselves, and in moving from one place to another.

Yet the whole effect of the army is as integrated as the 'shaft and the head and the point of the tip of a spear.' A human being is such a frail thing that he cannot live more than a few days without both food and sleep. Nature is still his real enemy even though he takes his eternal struggle with her for granted. So the army as a whole must survive against nature before it can harm a single enemy by surviving and moving itself from one place to another is ninety per cent of the army's business, and unless it does this well it is not an army. The army solves its problems of surviving by two dull words: organization and standardization --and an enormous personal effort and submergence of the individual will to the collective welfare."

- Capt. Ralph Ingersoll, The Battle is the Pay-Off; 1943; pp. 84-85 Regarding operations of U.S. Army Rangers and the 1st Infantry Division near El Quettar, Tunisia in early 1943


The following white paper candidly asses the problems facing U.S. Army units on the non-linear battlefield and outlines the already existing commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) technologies and mass-produced items that can be assembled together to solve the U.S. Army's need for a holistic all-around force protection system for field living and combat operations that is superior to current and future threats. Its the product of many months of research, study and prototype experimentation and construction by the BATTLEBOXTM team lead by retired and reserve Army officers and enlisted men, defense product engineers of the manufacturers of the necessary items.U.S. Army TRADOC commanding General William Wallace has asked for COTS solutions to the basic question of how to attain adequate force protection on today's increasingly lethal, non-linear battlefield through a vigorous study working with several agencies in the Army that sub-specialize in branch functions. This white paper by our group offers a complete solution that addresses all functional areas with suggested COTS equipment that themselves solve more than one-problem-at-a-time and should not be marginalized by having just one sub-functional agency evaluate that component.

Mike Sparks, Leader


We are spending $1billon/week in , yet our troops are not fully protected, and the area is not fully secure, why?

The "I can rough it" (ICRI) myth was never true

Over the years, both the U.S. Army and marines have proclaimed that their men (troops) can through training and minimal equipment live in the field out of their rucksacks and load bearing equipment (LBE), indefinitely. Yet are they "roughing it" here in the on posts? Why are they then living in barracks and operating out of fixed building structures that protect them from the earth's forces? The result of the "I can rough it" (ICRI) mythology is that troops deploy to foreign countries living in flimsy tents and then are forced by physical conditions to take local static buildings that do not belong to them from the populace to replicate the garrison building protection they are accustomed to; this then has the potential toinfuriate the people to rebel against us. More importantly fixed structures are rarely positioned ideally with tactical considerations in mind and further the actual layout and therefore the tactical deployment of troops will be easily discerned by the enemy and compromised. All because we were not honest with ourselves as to who we are as human beings and what we need to survive. Being dependent upon fixed buildings that our newly created enemies can know exactly where they are is a fatal targeting weakness in an increasingly sensor-covered, non-linear battlefield (NLB) connected by instant communications.

Dependency equals vulnerability

Only a few troop units in the military can honestly claim to be able to live off the land (Survival, Evasion, Resistance, Escape or "SERE" skills) as our frontier forebears could do in the 1700s/1800s. Troops in such circumstances would rapidly lose whatever advantages they may initially have over their opponents--even the indigenous population that has solved the needs for food, water and shelter. In a short campaign where territory from the enemy is ruined as you go, like Sherman's March to the Sea which actually won the U.S. Civil War in 1864-5 by robbing our rebel brothers with the logistics to fight, the ability to cut free from supply lines to move in unpredictable "flying columns" via foraging is a necessary skill to have but not the ONLY way to be independent to get operational maneuver. For troops overseas to be combat effective and maintain superiority over their opponents they are of necessity dependent upon a steady flow of supplies that after coming by ship must come over hard roads because that's only place wheeled vehicles (trucks) can go. Needing these roads (dependency) opens our troops up to constant ambush and the supplies themselves blocked from ever arriving. A steady attrition of preventable casualties caused by our main supply routes (MSRs) not being secure undermines popular support here in for the war effort and encourages the enemy to resist further. Americans with a "glass jaw" don't inspire much confidence in the people we are supposed to be protecting when we can't protect ourselves!

Things that are inherently vulnerable cannot protect

The troops themselves, tents, trucks, and the conventional aircraft they use are inherently vulnerable because of their soft physical construction and cannot provide adequate protection despite numerous band-aids being applied on top of them over the years. There is simply not enough of a hard structural shell or drivetrain to work with in these platform types to render adequate force protection on the NLB dominated by high explosive (HE) attacks with increasing precision.


* Everything in the U.S. Army must be SELF-SUFFICIENT

* Everything in the U.S. Army must be PROTECTIVE

* Everything in the U.S. Army must be

* Everything in the U.S. Army must be READY-TO-FIGHT

* Everything in the U.S. Army's holistic field living/fighting system must be RE-USABLE

Everything in the Army must be SELF-SUFFICIENT

As much as humanly possible, troops should bring with them everything they need to survive against the forces of the earth and man. This was one of the Roman Legion's secrets to success: they always carried with them in their wagons everything needed to make their own walled stockades so their foes could not predict where they could encamp and they would not need material help to defend themselves. The shelters troops live in should be akin to "zero-energy" homes and these civilian COTS technologies are in place to make this a reality. This eliminates and at the least reduces the amount of movement and exposure on the NLB dedicated just to self-preservation and resupply. All of our energies must be available to be focused on fighting the enemy and securing the ground.

* Use the earth itself for insulation and protection

* Use the air's humidity for troop water (This is climate dependent)

* Use the sun for bulk power into deep cycle storage batteries

* Use the troops for local, low amounts of power

* Reduce the use of fossil fuels by hybrid-electric drive efficiencies

* When fossil fuel is burned, derive troop water from it

* All pre-made supplies that cannot be locally collected from the environment not subject to enemy interdiction (ammunition, equipment parts etc.) that must be delivered must be palletized to reduce exposure fumbling around with break-bulk:


Everything in the U.S. Army must be PROTECTIVE

Man has always needed strong shelter to survive against the forces of the earth itself. As soon as mobile settlers stopped moving they have always built homes. This is a matter of SURVIVAL not "comfort" that some ICRI posturers will try to disparage. The ICRI theorists themselves are living in hard buildings all over the world while lying to themselves and others that they do not need secure shelters when the fact is that their unrealistic outlook and resultant lack of holistic preparation results in a shoddy default of seizing buildings and living in flimsy tents to become the forced undesirable circumstance. We need to face up to the fact that we are human beings and come up with the BEST minimalist MOBILE shelter/force protection system possible so we can first overcome the "Battle against the Earth" itself as Captain Ingersoll described in the opening quotation so we have all of our energy and health available to fight other humans. More troops have died from ILLNESS in war than battle injuries since the beginning of human civilizations:


When operating dismounted, on foot, even the best-equipped Soldiers with outdoor resistant gear and trained to use layering and myriad SERE techniques will need a hard shelter to recover and dry or cool off. There are limits to the amount of heat the human body can generate and be captured in a tent; this only happens if the body is fed with food and is healthy and not injured so the blood can circulate heat generated by the muscles or evaporatively cool the body. In the "Battle against Man" on today's lethal, non-linear battlefields (NLBs) the reliance on troops remaining able-bodied to prop up a field living system based on ICRI is unsound, unwise and fatal to all those who slip through the cracks when their health or situation falters. There is no place for ICRI hubris on today's NLB if we want to be successful and protect our society from extinction by increasingly clever enemies who target our many systemic weaknesses. Its time to get rid of all our weak points through maximum self-sufficiency at the lowest organizational level.

Everything in the Army must be

General James M. Gavin in his prescient book, Airborne Warfare in 1947 called on every unit in the Army to be instantly strategically air-mobile via his "Kiwi Pods". He called on everything an Army unit owns being in a container that could be instantly loaded without breakbulk into a cargo pod carrying aircraft which could land on grassy fields with short take-off and landing (STOL). Then, on the ground, the Kiwi pods would have tracks and engines to propel themselves on the battlefield. Today, sadly the military still has a static mindset that deploys from fixed buildings to overseas areas where we immediately seize and/or build more static buildings. When 's Army deploys it should never be trapped in one location easily targeted due to their fixed construction; but be mobile at all times. When we take too long to deploy, 's enemies escape death or capture as Bin Laden and Saddam Hussein's examples teach us. When we deploy suddenly and fan out with great mobility as we did in in 1989, we get the "bad guys" early-on and the Noriega types go to prison.

Everything in the Army must be READY-TO-FIGHT

By having everything in the Army in a transportation pod, units are exactly the same in training as they would be in combat. There would be no "This is serious now. We're going to war". Army units would go to war with exactly what they have in training without any last minute packing and repacking--including Reserves/National Guard. They take their pods to the air or sea port of debarkation (APOD or SPOD) and they are picked up and delivered to anywhere in the world. The only things they'd load up would be fuel and ammunitions. If a unit needs to go to a training area, everything it owns can be instantly picked up by a common carrier rail or truck service and delivered. In fact, the troops themselves can live inside their transportation pods while on ships, trains and even planes if the latter gets USAF approval. Container ships can become troop ships. When units go to daily duty on post, they go to their pods in the field not static buildings that require hours of absurd floor and lawn care. 's Army must stop wasting its time acting like janitors and lawn care custodians and train for war every day.

Everything in the Army's holistic field living/fighting system must be RE-USABLE

Even the richest country in the world cannot afford to every time it deploys overseas to pay $ billions of dollars to civilian contractors to build static buildings that will be left once American troops leave. Every ounce of tax dollars spent to improve Soldier living conditions must not be wasted and when the campaign is over, taken with us so we are MORE READY for the next conflict.


The way to make General Gavin's pods concept come to life is by using International Standards Organization (ISO) containers and "containerizing" the entire U.S. Army.

The entire world already moves by ISO containers via ships that can carry anywhere from 3, 000 to 8, 000 containers at-a-time. Ports have container cranes that can load and unload 1 container per minute. Small container ships have their own cranes to load/off-load.

Once ashore, trains, trucks, tracks and aircraft can move 20 and 40 foot long containers anywhere we want to go. The steel ISO container with an empty tare weight of 4, 500 pounds is sturdy enough to stack on top of each other while carrying up to 10 tons inside its 8 foot wide and either 8 foot or 8 foot 8 inch high vertical space. SeaBox.com makes versions that have removable stacking corner posts so they are flush-bottom to roll on floor rollers to load 2 per C-130 or up to 8 in a C-17 aircraft. This hard shell roughly replicates Noah's ark in that it provides a hard, weather and waterproof protective shelter for troops and all they need to fight. We make the "BATTLEBOXTM" the standard troop living shelter not the flimsy tent because its hard shell enables us to use earth around it to fortify it rapidly to withstand even the most powerful weapons known to man. Each BATTLEBOXTM locks securely with a Butch Walker CBP lock with programmable codes activated by sound impulse---not the typical steel padlock which creates a chaos-fest of confusion over keys and results in locks being constantly cut off when keys are lost.


The Cost to make this specialized ISO container is just $50, 000 each but would be much less in mass production. The monies saved from just a few months of not needing multi-billion dollar civilian contractor supplied flimsy building overseas or the price of leasing existing civilian owned structures as is done in the “Green Zone” of would pay for the containerization of the entire Army that would last for years of service. Leasing existing structures represents additional risks to the success of operations by placing members of the local community who may be supportive in direct jeopardy again as in the “Green Zone” of . The indigenous people are targeted by terrorists as collaborators and subject to threats and compromise In the case of the “Green Zone” in the local people cannot leave as they are subject to being murdered or compromised by our enemies which only further exacerbates difficulties. Monies received annually instead of going down the drain on overseas buildings and services would improve upon the initial investment in BATTLEBOXesTM making forward progress in the war fighting capabilities of our Army so we can prevail and win more efficiently with less human losses all around.



One of the reasons why the ISO container has not been fully utilized as a TACTICAL means is because it needs a special MHE device to move them and combat units cannot afford to move around large forklifts in battle. First off, combat units can move around trailers to carry pallets of supplies that fit INSIDE ISO containers for small logistical tasks. The military right now has the M1022A1 dolly sets of wheels [NSN 2330-01-378-9997] made by CDK in that attach to the front and back of an ISO container to "mobilize" them:


The M1022A1 Dolly Set Mobilizer for ISO containers

The M1022-A1 Dolly Set Mobilizer is a 7.5-10 ton capacity variant of the basic CLT system specifically designed to meet United States Army requirements. First delivery was made in 1994, and more than 800 systems have since been fielded by Army, Navy and Air Force customers. Although designated as a 7.5 ton system by the U.S. Army, the M1022-A1 System includes a built-in overload capacity of 10 tons. The M1022-A1 system replaces the older, manually powered M1022 dolly set in DOD inventory. Primary applications for the M1022-A1 system include military tactical shelters used as DEPMEDS deployed field hospitals, aviation maintenance workshops, and command and control systems.

The M1022-A1 Systems includes the following enhanced capabilities:

• Diesel powered hydraulic system for ease of connection and lift

• Unique 3-wheel handling mode for ease of unloaded handling and hydraulic

powered connection to shelter

• Side Lift Kit (NSN 3950-01-418-0930) for loading of shelters to/from flatbed trucks, trailers or railcars (optional kit)

• Redundant Power Kit permits operation in the event of engine or pump failure

(optional kit)

• Full access to 3 or 4 ft.- wide end-opening shelter door while connected to

dolly set

• Self-leveling axle feature to level shelters on uneven terrain

• Tandem towing capability for unloaded dolly sets

• Compatible with 8 ft or high-cube 8.5 ft tall shelters or containers (with optional 8.5 ft

lockout brace)

• Wheels lift off ground for changing of tires without jack

CDK mobilizer wheels can:

1. Enable a large truck or M113 Gavin track tow up to two BATTLEBOXesTM at a time on highways or off-roads.

2. Lift a BATTLEBOXTM up so a flat bed truck or XM1108 track can drive under it and have it placed in back. 

3. Raise the BATTLEBOXTM so its level to straight in load 2-at-a-time in the C-130!

The downside of the M1022A1 is that they cost $80K each and themselves are 6, 150 to 7, 130 pounds of extra weight. A lighter and less costly way to double-tow ISOs would be better though the M1022A1s will certainly do the job initially without a doubt.


Butch has created the Amaze-N-Tow (ANT) forklift/trailer (available in the General Services Administration Catalog: GSA# 30-F-0013K) that's part of Cobracoil's "BTC Express" rapid concertina wire emplacement system (NSN 5660-01-534-2303). Cobracoil in makes the wire coils. ANTs are also MHE devices for small 40" x 48" and medium-sized 88" x 108" 463L/ECDS pallets for light units that do not have and cannot employ (and still be light enough to do 3D maneuver over and through closed terrains) the large-sized Palletized Loading System (PLS) that heavy units use which is composed of very large truck-sized "flat racks" lifted by large trucks to sustain mechanized 2D maneuver warfare in open terrains using large armored vehicles.



However, to enable combat units to "mobilize" their ISO containers more efficiently to make the BATTLEBOXTM system possible, the ANT-ISO trailer is under development. Butch Walker, creator of the Amaze-N-Tow (ANT) pallet trailer has a version that will double-tow two ISO containers. Thus, each 100-man company would own and operate 20 x BATTLEBOXtroopsTM and 20 x ANT-ISO trailers and 10 other boxes and ANT-ISOs for sustainment functions not desirable to co-locate where the troops live (toilets etc.). This will enable every company-sized unit in the Army to move freely everything they own in both peacetime and war in protected ISO containers.

The smaller ANT trailers would move the pallets carried inside the ISO containers for a seamless flow of supplies. ANT trailers can also pick up by their forklift tongues dump boxes to carry and offload sand, gravel, carry water/fuel FLEXCELLTM bladders and disperse soil sealant to deny the enemy the ability to lay roadside bombs. Army MPs are using ANT trailers in to rapidly emplace 200 meters of triple coil concertina wire for cordon/search, detainee and election security operations.


Our BATTLEBOXtroopsTM features solid walls and fold-down 6-man bunks

All over the world, people are living in insulated ISO containers; some made into mini-barracks to include the south pole and the hottest deserts. They can be stacked to conserve space. However, they tend to be 2-man rooms with windows that do not protect as well as solid walls and are not affordable to house thousands of troops

U.S. Navy ISO container housing on left, U.S. Army "Cormex" ISO housing on right in

These people are not "roughing it", they are just as protected as any "home"--in fact more so. This preserves their health and maximizes their human energies to DO THINGS and accomplish tasks not have their strength lost shivering and trying to cool off. The BATTLEBOXtroopsTM would have 6 space-efficient fold-down bunks, deep-cycle batteries for internal lighting and powering a small air conditioner or heater, an exercise bike power regenerator and fold down table and desk. Project Co-Leader, Jim Brennan of SeaBox.com, the world's leader in ISO container living modules has just created the first BATTLEBOXtroopsTM; pictures are below; full size version is the first one, the smaller "tn" version in below in each pair of www links listed below:





















We are going to tweak the interior by adding privacy curtains, mosquito netting and "quick-reaction force" hooks on the wall for hanging helmet, body armor, load bearing equipment, rucksack and securable ammo lockers underneath. Solar-powered, AirWater machines to get water from air humidity are an option if not too expensive. We will also install a solar/pedal power 12v red/white lighting system with 12v deep cycle batteries. As technologies become available, lightweight ballistic protection can be sprayed inside each BATTLEBOXTM exploiting its hard shell to improve protection and offer baseline 7.62mm bullet and fragmentation protection even when not fortified with earth walls or buried underground.


British Army Patrol base model that could be created using BATTLEBOXtroopsTM


When each BATTLEBOXTM is taken by their using units to a combat area, inside would be Spirit of America (SOA) hollow plastic blast wall sections that after being joined together are filled in with dirt to make entire forward operating bases (FOBs) impervious to enemy bullets, RPGs, rockets and mortar and even car/truck bomb attacks.

SOA blast wall sections have already been certified by ERDEC to withstand these threat levels up to 5, 000 pound car and 25, 000 pound ANFO fertilizer bombs. The BATTLEBOXtroopsTM can also as time goes on, be dug in underground to improve protective levels to that of a hardened bunker. Troops also will not need to expose themselves during an enemy attack running from a flimsy tent or static building to a bomb shelter--THEY ARE ALREADY IN ONE! BATTLEBOXesTM can be joined to form walled perimeters for helicopter and STOL fixed-wing aircraft landing areas in the center. Time and money is not wasted building a comfortable troop living tent or building that cannot protect and a separate enemy attack shelter.

SOA blast walls can make check points and roadblocks that channelize unidentified persons in such a way that if they were to explode a bomb strapped to their body or in their car, the blast damage would be minimized and loss of life prevented.


BATTLEBOXesTM can also be stacked to make elevated observation/listening posts around the FOB. SOA also makes a knock-down guard tower that can be stowed inside the BATTLEBOXTM during movement to the combat area, taken outside and assembled on top for superior vision/observation capabilities 10+ feet above ground level.



CobraWireTM and Butch Walker's Amaze-N-TowTM forklift/trailer

Check points to be effective sometimes have to be suddenly created without warning, the ANT forklift/trailer can transport CobraCoil's triple and single strand concertina wire pallets to lay up to 200 meters of wire impassable to men on foot without a struggle within 2 minutes.


SOA offers several ISO-container deliverable vehicle barriers proven in tests to stop huge trucks impacting at the maximum 70+ mph speeds they can possibly attain in a suicide driver ramming profile. These barriers combined with excellent camouflage techniques, the guard towers, rapid wire, blast walls and the BATTLEBOXTMes themselves arrayed in hardened but still mobile arrangements make FOBs into strongpoints that will withstand not only battlefield weapons used by armies but weapons of mass destruction delivered by aircraft and missiles.


Soldiers can also fight on foot around their BATTLEBOXTM area using the SOA blast walls as cover. Attached to the end of their hand weapons could be our SLA Marshall ballistic gunshield for portable cover to render fire & maneuver even in the face of enemy fires:



SKEDCO full-length evacuation/resupply plastic sheets can be layed over the top of lightweight poles over fighting positions dug out by improved e-tools with RapidPickTM attachments then dirt applied on top via sand bags or Rhino Snot to form overhead cover when fighting away from the BATTLEBOXTM FOB or Gavin/NLCV. A stack of 100+ SKEDCO plastics can easily be carried on a small pallet by an ANT trailer. Pictured above is a stack of 78 SKEDs. The ability to rapidly entrench is vital and an area we need vast improvement on; the British Army has had overhead cover kits for years and even used them in the 1982 war:



The BATTLEBOXESTM themselvescan be linked together so there is no need to be exposed walking from box-to-box and can form defensive perimeters and shapes. Here is our latest proprietary work studies of how these could be arranged:


However, the ground the FOB rests on should be coated with Envirotac II (aka "Rhino Snot") sealant www.envirotac.com to make instant pavement and eliminate dust. Do not use cheap imitations like "Guerrilla Snot"--Rhino Snot A.K.A Envirotac II can take the weight of a C-17 landing on it! The G.I. M149 water buffalo converted into a sprayer can rapidly seal living areas, aircraft landing strips and the shoulders of MSRs to make it clear if the enemy has tampered with them to lay roadside bombs to defend the few convoys we absolutely must run.

Research indicates the toilet and shower and kitchen aspects should be in their own separate specialty boxes which can get water from the air via solar powered AirWater machines in addition to roof tanks. These BATTLEBOXsustainmentTM containerswould be organic to every company-sized unit in the Army so they could clean and feed themselves and would end the entire bloated dining facility (DFAC) bureaucracy which wastes time, money and exposes troops to having to stop what they are doing and cross the base 3 times a day just to go eat. Each 100-man company would own and operate 10 BATTLEBOXsuppliesTM and 10 ANT-ISO trailers.Company headquarters would have large solar panel boxes to generate larger amounts of power for their C4ISR devices. Some of the boxes will be full of BATTLEpalletsTM of supplies moved by ANT combination trailer/forklifts.





3-8,000 BATTLEBOXsustainmentTM per ship-----> BATTLEpalletsTM----------> BATTLEcartsTM-------> BATTLEskedsTM---->BATTLEruckwheelsTM

* Troops themselves can live inside their boxes, making container ships into troop ships.

* When they arrive with their equipment they can offload it instantly and place it into a ready-to-fight condition.

* One container ship can move an entire Brigade and all their equipment and personnel to anywhere in the world.



1-8 BATTLEBOXsustainmentTM per C-130 or C-17---->BATTLEpalletsTM (3-6 per CH-47 or C-130) ---------> BATTLEcartsTM-------> BATTLEskedsTM---->BATTLEruckwheelsTM

* Troops can deploy one planeload sortie at a time with their boxes if USAF certifies they can be seated inside. Some R&D will be required to perfect box seating.


1 BATTLEBOXsustainmentTM per ANT-ISO or XM1108 Gavin tracked AFV-----> BATTLEpalletsTM----------> BATTLEcartsTM-------> BATTLEskedsTM---->BATTLEruckwheelsTM

* Units once in the area of operations can move themselves and everything they need to fight for 1 year less fossil fuel into battle and then set up a long-term but always mobile protected FOB.

* All units are fully tactical and protected while self-sustaining to maximum degree possible.

BATTLEBOXTMsustainmentTM containers

These would be either 20 or 40 foot ISO containers or smaller ISU containers that fit inside or link together to create the same footprint as an ISO container for shipment.

CIA created solar power unit ISO container; U.S. Army shower unit ISO container at

Two boxes would house solar-heated showers and composting toilets in every company-sized unit. "Gray water" would be collected from the shower and kitchen boxes and discharged via Rhino SnotTM M149 trailers. There would be zero "Black Water" created in the BATTLEBOXTM system. Thus, there would be no need for host nation tanker trucks which are huge security risks to enter/exit our FOBs. Another two boxes would be a kitchen with serving lines and dry food storage that would use diesel fuel to burner-flame cook foods, and another a wing and solar-powered refrigerator would store 1 year's supply of foods for the unit to sustain itself during an entire deployment not unlike how a nuclear submarine operates.

BATTLEBOXpallet trailersTM (Amaze-N-Tow)


The smallest BATTLEBOXpalletTM is a 40" x 48" aluminum pallet by Rhinopallet.com carried 1 or two at a time by the ANT-463L-D combination trailer/forklift.8 x RhinopalletsTM can be carried in a 20 foot ISO container and 16 in a 40 foot container. The ANT-463L-D combination trailer/forklift can roll-on or off CH-47 Chinook or larger aircraft carrying 2 x RhinopalletsTM. The ANT-463L-D combination trailer/forklift can be externally-sling-loaded under an UH-60 Blackhawk helicopter carrying one RhinopalletTM.

The ANT-463L-D combination trailer/forklift can be dis-assembled (D) and transported on a 463L or enhanced container delivery system(ECDS) or Advanced Intermodal (plastic) Pallet (AIP) capable ANT-463L-Transporter combination trailer/forklift would be used by light units that are now stuck with time-consuming, manpower-intensive breakbulk trailers.

The next largest BATTLEBOXpalletTM is the 88" by 108" ECDS pallet by SeaBox.com. The ECDS pallet can be parachute airdropped as well as be a more durable replacement for the flimsy 463L.

Unlike plywood skidboards, ECDS has forklift MHE slots for pick up and movement. 2 x ECDS pallets can be carried inside a 20 foot ISO and 4 in a 40 foot ISO though their best purpose is for air-delivery for Army Airborne units. Once on the drop zone, ECDS pallets would be picked up by the large ANT-463L-T Transporter combination trailer/forklift which itself can be airdropped on an ECDS pallet or Type V airdrop platform. If aircraft airland, ANT-463L-Ts can roll on/off from C-130 and larger aircraft or be sling-loaded under UH-60 and larger Army helicopters.

PLS flat racks in use by heavy Army units can carry ISO containers but the latter have yet to be exploited fully for TACTICAL benefits

The very large "flat rack" BATTLEBOXpalletTM used in the palletized loading system (PLS) is primarily used by Army heavy units to move bulk ammunition and fuel for 2D maneuver in open terrains and is not generally desirable for lighter units employing 3D maneuver by aircraft through closed terrains. The specialized PLS flat rack carrying truck system is well in place and understood and heavy units routinely move ISO containers for logistical tasks but have yet to exploit them TACTICALLY as fortified shelters.


After a company sized unit receives its supplies by either Rhino or ECDS pallets it can keep them mobile by ANT-463L-D and ANT-463L-T combination trailer/forklifts unless its a heavy units using the PLS flat rack system. When the time comes to distribute supplies the BATTLEBOXpalletsTM can have their items cross-loaded into BATTLEBOXcartsTM which are the FERNO Darby All-Terrain All-purpose Cart/Sled derived from the UT2000 backpack/stokes litter sled combination but with positionable all-terrain wheels: www.combatreform.org/atac.htm


Loads received from BATTLEBOXcartsTM can be trans-loaded into Bud Calkin's collapsible SKED evacuation litter plastic carried in a M3A Captain Ernie Blanco Combat LifeSaver Assault Pack to fireteams and buddy teams: www.skedco.com


The final stop for vital supplies is the individual Soldier. However, even then his rucksack would have small solid plastic WHEELS so he can tow his existence load and not carry it whenever possible using Kevin Aston's ARUC frame with "BATTLEBOXruckwheelsTM".



The highly successful Lynx reconnaissance vehicle was a reduced-size M113 Gavinthat can fit inside a CH-47 Chinook helicopter

Trenches, barbed wire, machine guns and quick-firing artillery made it impossible to walk on the battlefield with just a rifle in your hand and a rucksack on your back against an alert and capable enemy in World War 1. We tried to slap armor plate to stop bullets on civilian wheeled motor cars and they got stuck and easily shot up in muddy trenches. Combat Engineers ("Sappers") with the help of visionary civilian leader, Winston Churchill responded by creating tracked tanks to cross over muddy trenches with armored bodies to protect men from enemy bullets and high explosive shell bursts. After the war, however with no civilian functional counterpart to the tank, Combat Engineers no longer were in charge of tank development to insure their designs overcame enemy weapons and obstacles. Instead, tanks were developed by civilians who wanted speed on roads, comfort, ease of maintenance mimicking the civilian automobile which does not have enemies trying to kill the people inside. Disaster after disaster followed in World War 2, which after great human costs we were lucky to have finally won. The result is today where the pressures to pinch pennies in garrison and stay on roads/trails not to tear up trees/wildlife have resulted in us taking civilian cars (Humvee SUVs) and trucks (Strykers) and trying to make them into combat vehicles when they cannot go cross-country or accept the necessary armor to survive the high explosive (HE) ambushes they cannot avoid.

History repeats.

Without all of America mobilized for war to flood entire areas with people to push enemies to just our front as in WW2, we now have empty NON-LINEAR battlefields (NLBs) where civilians and enemies are intermingled and attacks can occur in any direction at any time. The resulting 2, 200+ deaths and 20, 000 wounded through this military lack of a holistic force protection system and ethos in Iraq has caused all volunteer ground force recruiting and retention to collapse putting the national survival of the United States at risk. The troops are "voting with their feet" in response to our technotactical leadership failure.

The inability of our troops to move freely on the NLB without death and maiming has caused a crisis of confidence within our ground military; if our enemies--now aware of our penchant to ride around in civilian trucks---not unlike the horse cavalry of old---employ HE attacks they will sweep us from the battlefield in large nation-state wars and wear us down with a daily toll of deaths, maimings and equipment losses in small sub-national group conflicts. The good news in all of this, is that other countries have by battlefield deaths reconnected their Combat Engineers into their vehicle designs to regain battlefield protected mobility; South Africa and Israel have tamed not only the land mine but the roadside bomb. The bad news is that the military cannot seem to reform itself as the horse cavalry was kept for 5 years until 1944 even though it was clearly obsolete from the opening battles of the World War 2. Therefore, TRADOC should not wait for Congress to intervene and create a "Manhattan Project" to within 90 days restore battlefield mobility and force protection means to both the Army and marines by creating a team of the best minds in the country who know armored vehicles, non-linear combats and combat engineering; a Joint Non-Linear Battlefield Force Protection and Mobility Means (J-NLB-FPMMs) task force project to test and perfect our BATTLEBOXTM system with a notional company-sized element. This is a matter of the highest national security.

The wheeled vehicle (truck) is 28% less space and weight efficient than tracked "tanks". It cannot go cross-country at will via its high ground pressures and its vulnerable air-filled tires cannot survive rubble and enemy fires. Details: www.geocities.com/armorhistory/infantrytanks.htm The truck is obsolete on the NLB even if you build it with a thinly armored shell on top (Stryker). Every company-sized unit in the Army--not just heavy units---should move by 15 of the simple, easy-to-maintain but highly weight-space efficient hybrid-electric-drive M113 Gavin light tracked armored fighting vehicle (AFV) www.combatreform.org/m113combat.htm which at 10 tons empty can easily take-on 4 tons of armor weight, be v-hull shaped to deflect blast effects and still have extra payload capacity. The best way to avoid roadside ambushes is by not using roads in the first place via tracked armored vehicle cross-country mobility. With over 14, 000 M113s in Army service, the Gavin represents the minimum transportation standard adequate for the NLB; as Gavin realized when he created the M113 for nuclear-devastated areas that would not have roads or trails. Every unit in the Army by operating low-cost Gavin tracks would have the ability to fight and maneuver even in the face of enemy fires and if not tasked to close with and destroy the enemy, proceed on with their other mission without casualties. The Gavin is parachute airdroppable from USAF fixed-wing aircraft and can have its current 98 inch width reduced to 85 inches to fit into standard ISO containers as well as roll on/off from the CH-47 Chinook heavy lift helicopter which is going to be our primary V/TOL means for many years to come:


M113 Gavin Family of Non-Linear Battlefield (NLB) Vehicles

The baseline, universal M113 Gavin NLB mobility tracked vehicle would be:

* Based on the combat proven and adaptable 10.5 ton M113 Gavin light track to gain 28% space/weight efficiencies from the get go which we have thousands of to save time/money and lives

* Light M113 Gavin tracks for everyone in the Army/Mc is affordable and functional in all the closed/open terrain setting of planet earth; heavier 33-ton Bradleys and 70-ton Abrams are neither affordable nor mobility functional for closed terrain types to be the baseline standard for all troops

* Basic 7.62mm AP and blast protective hull

* stretched to 6 roadwheels

* Reshaped to have "V" to deflect blast effects underneath

* Armored skirts that hinge and flap upward in event of underblasts



* Hatches have weapons firing ports, top cargo hatch can look in upright position as rear shield

* Rear door in rear ramp has firing port


* Multiple armor layers to include SOA blast wall sections pre-det RPGs and soften bomb blasts

* Ceramic outer tiles and inner spall liners to stop fragments, ball bearings and heavy caliber armor-piercing bullets (above 14.5mm)

* Logistically simple to maintain via legendary M113 Gavin construction/design and band tracks

* Hybrid-Electric Drives: 2x fuel efficiency of current diesel engine-mechanical transmission vehicles so all force fuel requirements (and convoys) are reduced by 50%

* Stealth mode of 30 miles at 30 mph on just battery if tactical situation requires it

* No more trailer generators every track is its own power generator

* Air conditioning to cool any computers and troops in extreme hot weather climes

* Band track option eliminate T150 steel track maintenance if units insist that 60 mph road speeds are a requirement (convoy speed is 45 mph or less) but without losing cross-country mobility



* Capability with HED 600 hp to continue to adapt receive more armor to stay ahead of current enemy threats

* Amphibious in lakes/rivers, with waterjets in the ocean from sealift ships and Chinooks


* C-130 and CH-47F air transportable onto land and water

Some will say that its futile to armor everyone in well-designed tracks because the enemy will just "up the ante" and make bigger bombs. See David Cloud's NYT article on bottom. This defeatist outlook is incorrect, if vehicles are SHAPED CORRECTLY increasing bomb size will not yield any improvement for the enemy because we are still not standing in the way of his blast forces and shrapnel at the point of contact. If we employ a NLB CONOPS and "up the ante" ourselves by track armoring the entire force we force the enemy to take more TIME to lay bigger bombs which gives our pickets, overhead surveillance aircrews and mobile patrols a better chance of killing them in the act of bomb-laying and preventing the problem in the first place.

In WW2, the HE weapons and obstacles lethality we face today on the NLB was experienced when we had to land on heavily defended beaches on . The success story there was that combat engineers under General Percy Hobart created "funnies" special tanks that could blast or force their way through and over enemy opposition to keep moving. The MMs would create the following tracked vehicle types with the baseline "threat from below" armor protection and reduced logistical means to equip ALL units of the Army/Mc now equipped with obsolete wheeled trucks.

M113 Gavin Track NLB-Maneuver

The purpose of this vehicle would be to enable LIGHT INFANTRY, AIRBORNE, AIR ASSAULT troops who have NO ARMORED VEHICLES to fight both mounted and dismounted as needed to effect 3D maneuver via air transport and through closed terrains. No longer will light troops be relegated to following in the trace of heavier tracked units and mopping up pockets of enemy stragglers just because they lack the ability to advance in the face of enemy fire while in wheeled trucks or on foot. Extra features:.

* 1-man autocannon turret as used by NATO country AIFVs

* Dismount leader's hatch/cupola offset to left of 1-man autocannon turret

* TAG gunshields for troops in back

* "Mini-Gavins" of reduced width/height for 101st Air Assault units for CH-47F helicopter internal transport

M113 Gavin Track NLB-Logistics

This vehicle is a logistics carrier based on the XM1108 with 3-man armored cab and flat bed area in rear. Extra features

* PLS flat rack carry capability to include ISO containers and BATTLEBOXESTM

* Rear winch/ramp to lift up small 40" x 48" warehouse and 88" x 108" 463L and ECDS pallets

* TAGS gunshield armament station on top of cab

M113 Gavin Track NLB-General Purpose

This Gavin would carry personnel that can fight either mounted or dismounted but without the complexity of a 1-man autocannon turret.

* TAGS gunshield armament station on top for track commander

* TAGS gunshields for troops in back

* Snap-in modular kits for MEDEVAC, C4ISR, C2 as needed

Non-Linear Combat Vehicle (NLCV)

Dave Hansen's Iguana prototype is the inspiration behind the NLCV

While Gavins and Mini-Gavins should replace many Humvee trucks in all Army units, there needs to be a new production, simple tracked armored vehicle to replace the remaining Humvees and the impotent and break-down prone M-GATOR golf carts employed by light units. Dave Hansen is creating an extremely wide tracked armored vehicle that will also be CH-47 internally-transportable using components already in the logistics system like expanding the Gavin's use to all units of the Army would efficiently exploit.

Dave Hansen's Iguana prototype is the starting point for the NLCV

While Gavins and Mini-Gavins should replace many Humvee trucks in all Army units, there needs to be a new production, simple tracked armored vehicle to replace the remaining Humvees and the impotent and break-down prone M-GATOR golf carts employed by light units.

Iguana Technologies is currently in the final design stage of a CH-47 internal load capable, armored, hybrid-electric drive, amphibious, air-droppable, sling-loadable, half-tracked vehicle. The non-linear combat vehicle (NLCV) will carry 2-3000 lbs payload, produce 75KW of power, be capable of 6-10 KM of stealth drive and 30 hours of silent overwatch. Vehicle will carry a 3-man crew, driver, TC and gunner, protected from landmines and roadside bomb underside attacks with a V-shaped hull. Cargo area is configured with a winch and swing arm for on board MHE to move small 40" x 48" pallets and other cargoes. Vehicle design includes modular MEDEVAC, C4ISR, C2, Heavy Weapons, Troop Carrying (6 pax + 3 crew) and MTR/ARTY ammunition carrier. Providing a full-mission flexibility capability to the commander, who can configure available vehicles to meet specific mission requirements. Unique feature of the NLCV is the capability to raise and lower the suspension, giving it both fully tracked capability when needed (off road / obstacles) or half-tracked (high speed, 60 mph) capability when needed. Vehicle will be configured and manufactured using already in the Army supply system NSN parts giving it full sustainability.

The BATTLEBOXtankTM would be a Gavin or a non-linear combat vehicle (NLCV) in an ISO container with special SOA blast wall sections that rapidly attach/detach so when filled with earth makes the vehicle RPG and road-side bomb proof even if its cross-country mobility to avoid ambush in the first place falls short. The BATTLEBOXtankTM enables rapid, covert overseas deployment by any container ship because the Gavin or NLCV would have subliminated themselves into the container that can be loaded in a minute's time by container cranes. On the ground, BATTLEBOXtankTM containers act as shelters to protect vehicles from enemy observation as well as weather effects and offer a covered place out of the direct sun to do maintenance--there would no longer be any need to collect vehicles in open, vulnerable motor pools because they can no be locked inside a BATTLEBOXtankTM using the CBP lock.The BATTLEBOXTM team was actually brought together in the first place due to research by the non-profit Air-Mech-Strike Study Group for a 3rd edition of our book and discoveries made while restoring a CH-47Chinook fuselage to demonstrate that vehicles like ANT trailer/forklifts and "Mini-Gavins" can deploy from inside:


Each company-sized unit would have two bulldozer blades on the front of two of their Gavins to earth-fill their blast walls and berm up their BATTLEBOXTM FOB. At least two backhoe attachments would also be available. These can have Butch Walker's "BucketLIFTTM" forklift tongues attached to lift and stack BATTLEBOXesTM to form guard towers or simply to save space.


On tactical missions outside the FOB, the bulldozer and backhoe attachments enable infantry to rapidly entrench to withstand enemy fires without always relying on e-tools in the hands of weary men whose energies could be better used elsewhere like in patrolling and sensor laying.

Inside every Gavin/ NLCV would be a way to draw drinking water from the air and/or engine exhaust to boost self-sufficiency. When in combat, the entire vehicle can move stealthily by electric drive and band tracks as well as operate sensors all night without having to turn on fossil fuel engines to keep batteries charged as in current vehicles with batteries suitable only to start engines..

Heavy units with large vehicle like the medium-weight 33-ton Bradley and heavy 70-ton M1 Abrams tanks can have BATTLEBOXtanksTMdeveloped for them using flat rack ISO platforms with corner posts that fold up which enables stacking. If the medium-weight 25-ton Future Combat System (FCS) ever materializes, certainly a BATTLEBOXtankTM could be developed to transport and shelter it.

However, in this white paper we focus on here-and-now vehicles like the Gavin/ NLCV as the baseline vehicles for the majority of the Army to attain for the first time a well-conceived and holistically synergistic field living/combat protection system.


Army helicopters require time-consuming plastic shrink-wrapping to ship overseas and top deck space. Developing BATTLEBOXaircraftTM containers for all Army aircraft would enable them to not only load instantly via container cranes onto any cargo ship, but it would adequately protect them from bumps and weather effects that mere plastic wrapping cannot stop.

Shrink-wrapping aircraft is time-consuming and does not adequately protect them

Current slow and noisy helicopters in the wrong color green in blue sky and are easily being shot down by gunfire, air-bursting RPGs and missiles. This is robbing the Army of air surveillance and pressure on the enemy (Maneuver Air Support) to prevent him from laying roadside bombs to ambush convoys and avoid capture. Current helicopters are too fuel-hungry, complicated-to-maintain and cannot fly long and far enough to keep a constant pressure on the enemy even if he chooses not to hide when they are seen and heard. Unmanned air vehicle (UAV) fixed-wing aircraft cannot see well enough beyond a narrow "soda straw" to find elusive enemies and have a notorious 50% crash rate due to them not having an on-board survival instinct. UAVs are unsafe to fly over populated areas.


BATTLEBOXaircraftTM would be ISO containers designed to make small scout helicopters like the A/MH-6 LittleBird and OH-58D Kiowa Warrior and Bell Model 407 ground-mobile so they can be co-located with ground troops inside reconnaissance, surveillance target acquisition (RSTA) squadrons to conserve fossil fuel and be more responsive while protecting them on the ground. Other boxes would be developed for the medium-sized UH-60 and AH-64 helicopters and a reduced CH-47 (mast and rotors removed). Certainly, the Army should have selected the no tail rotor (NOTAR) MD520 LittleBird and not the 407 for its next scout copter due to its inherent stealthy quietness and compactness. Hopefully, a ducted tail rotor would be retrofitted to the 407s to reduce their noise. We hope the stealthy and compact, MD-900 Explorer NOTAR will be selected for the light utility helicopter (LUH) program to provide responsive forward unit resupply and MEDEVAC means via BATTLEBOXaircraftTM ground mobility/operational landing pads.


BATTLEBOXaircraftTM containers not only house and protect aviation personnel, they act as mini-hangers holding all the necessary repair tools and spare part to maintain aircraft in flying condition out of the sun, dirt and sand. RhinoSnotTM soil sealant can create landing pads free of sand, dust that can cause brown-outs and aircraft crashes.

If the Army refuses to make its helicopters stealthier by correct sky gray camouflage and NOTAR then its time we utilize a turbine-engined 2-seat, fixed-wing, 5-bladed crop duster that is inherently stealthy, fast and easy-to-maintain and combine it into its own BATTLEBOXaircraftTM ground mobility means inside either the RSTA squadron or Fires unit in each brigadeto effect MAS. The Army used to have "grasshopper" STOL observation/attack aircraft with artillery units in the past so this is a proven and highly successful combined-arms structure.Retired U.S. Army combat OV-1 Mohawk pilot, George Davis' I-Cubed organization has teamed up with Thrush Aircraft of Albany, Georgia to offer to the fledgling Iraqi Air Force and others the "Vigilante 2" updated version of their 2-seat aircraft used successfully by the State Department to fight illegal drugs all over the world. Vigilante 2s with the visual investigatory powers of two trained aircrew with stabilized binoculars and bubble windows PLUS+ infared and image-intensification sensors are the best way to locate enemies trying to avoid detection through camouflage, cover, concealment, deception and deceit (C3D2). ANT trailers and modified M149 water buffalos can spray RhinoSnotTM soil sealant in different colors to clearly mark the sides of roads and if the enemy disturbs the sealant to lay a bomb, can be seen immediately from the air. Vigilante 2s can also lay tactical smokescreens to protect troops moving from RPGs, ATGMs and other optically aimed weapons.


The proper role for UAVs is to "pile on" after the enemy has been located. The EWA "Dominator" combat UAV (UCAV) with .50 caliber heavy machine gun to strafe would deploy by BATTLEBOXaircraftTM and have inside all the necessary shop tools to maintain it in flying condition.


The BATTLEBOXTM system transforms the entire U.S. Army at a very low cost to superior combat readiness and warfighting capabilities. We realize that the BATTLEBOXTM system must be employed to its fullest potential via an inspired CONcept of OPerationS (CONOPS). An inspired CONOPS made possible by the BATTLEBOXTM system would:

New CONOPs = Victory Possible


1. Many Iraqis think we want their oil/bases and will never leave due to us living in static buildings

2. Many Iraqis want us to leave and support the rebels

3. The "faction-ocracy" we have created of the Shia voting majority may be just milking us for money and to kill their Sunni minority enemies

4. We are too spread out trying to defend everything, defend nothing (French mistake in ). Enemy is all around, can attack anywhere from any direction at any time

5. While we ignored securing MSRs/LOCs we went knocking down doors looking for Saddam/bad guys and ended up making more rebels; we over-reacted to rebel's bait of terrorist acts

6. driving around in vulnerable wheeled trucks restricted to roads we offer enemy easy bomb targets

7. Noisy and fuel-hungrey helicopters and narrow-vision UAVs do not prevent enemy from mining the MSRs


1. Get everyone out of trucks and into tracks to regain freedom of movement. 28% greater armor potential to work with and stay ahead of bombers. Use unpredictable routes away from paved roads whenever possible. Do this over the objections of those who have spent years castigating the heavy part of the Army because they use tracks and have found at horrible casualties that looking different in wheels doesn't work on the non-linear battlefield. We can be a "stud" who fights well on foot, jumps out of airplanes AND use well-armored light tracked AFVs.

2. Reduce presence and promise to start leaving by a set date to reduce grievances that creates rebels. Eliminate ALL occupation of former dictator palaces. Leave the "Green Zone".

Apologize for what we have done wrong to date and STOP doing it. Take the moral high ground. Do not detain anyone innocent over 48 hours or you have just made a new rebel for sure.

Occupation costs must not exceed $100M and 10 men KIA per month. Any costs above that and we are losing a war of attrition.

3. Picket the MSR/LOCs we absolutely need to exist. Reduce truck resupply convoys to nil via BATTLEBOXTM system. Have all batteries recharge:


Every 1, 000 meters we have an infantry squad in a tracked AFV and an ISO container BATTLEBOXTM checkpoint to PREVENT road bombs from being emplaced. Rotate units into pickets and keep this 24/7/365. There is proof that picketing works:


Once deadly road is much safer

Turnaround is credited to simple military tactics

By Jackie Spinner


November 5, 2005

BAGHDAD, Iraq - It used to be the most dangerous highway in Iraq, five miles of bomb-blasted road between Baghdad International Airport and the capital cityscape. It was a white-knuckle ride, coming or going. To reach or leave it, you had to survive the airport road first.

For 21/2 years, the road was a symbol of the failure to secure . Military convoys roared past in a frantic attempt to escape the dangers of suicide bombers, grenades and rockets. But insurgents' relentless attacks claimed a steady toll.

In April, 13 people died along the route, including an American aid worker, Marla Ruzicka, who was killed on a sliver of pocked pavement that intersects threadbare fields and modest concrete homes.

Then, two months ago, the killings stopped. In October, one person was wounded on the road and no one was killed, according to the U.S. Army, which also calculated the April deaths. The turnaround was owed to simple military tactics, Army officials said.

Lt. Col. Michael Harris, commander of the 3rd Infantry Division's 6th Battalion, 8th Cavalry Regiment, or 6/8, recalled a day this summer when a superior officer told him: "Mike, I've got the most strategically important mission in for you."

"Oh great, I get to go get Zarqawi," Harris recalled thinking. He was referring to terrorist Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the leader of al-Qaeda in . The officer said the mission was to secure the airport road, which had become a major embarrassment for the military.

Harris started by slowing down the convoys, forcing Soldiers to look out at the passing landscape. Then he sent troops into the surrounding neighborhoods. Barriers went up, preventing vehicles from reaching the airport road unless they passed through a checkpoint. The Iraqi army set up positions and stayed 24 hours a day.

Between April and June, 14 car bombs went off along the airport road, called Route Irish by the military. There were 48 roadside bombs, known as improvised explosive devices, or IEDs, and 80 small-arms attacks. Sixteen people were killed.

In the past two months, there have been no car bombs and nine IEDs along the road. One Iraqi Soldier has been killed.

"Presence is definitely a key to our mission," said Pfc. Justin Wildey, 23, of "In order to make everyone else safer, we've got to take chances. I don't have any problem with it; most of us here don't."

One night last week, the 6/8 poked down the airport road, looking.

"What's that car doing there?" Harris asked, then ordered his men to stop. Five Soldiers jumped out and immediately questioned the driver. The driver said his car had stalled. The Soldiers got behind the rear bumper and began pushing the car off the road.

Later, the Soldiers linked up with an Iraqi army battalion in the Jihad neighborhood adjacent to the road. The Iraqi Soldiers had set up a checkpoint to search vehicles entering the area.

"In order to control the route, you have to control the terrain on each side," Harris said.

The Iraqi Soldiers, with a handful of troops by their side, walked the dusty dirt roads of the neighborhood. Weapons drawn, they searched alleys and courtyards. But mostly, they just walked, greeting Iraqis gathered outside their homes before the breaking of the fast during the holy month of Ramadan. The sweet scent of spice-infused meat and vegetables filled the night air, as women in black cloaks scurried home with stacks of piping-hot flat bread.

"If there's bad things on Irish, the neighbors on either side are influencing it," said Capt. Justin Reese, 30, from Reese was the Charlie Company point man for the 6/8, in charge of helping the Iraqis secure the neighborhood. He stood by the side of Lt. Omar Tarik Ali, 24.

Ali said the Iraqi Soldiers had been instrumental in helping control the neighborhood, keeping the potential attackers from using side streets to reach the airport road.

"We are Iraqis, and we know strangers from their faces," Ali said. "We can stop them, and we know if they lie to us. The Americans don't know."

4. Do Security Creating Maneuvers (SCMs) to protect the pickets and FOBs and help new government when requested. Use "Rhino Snot" www.envirotac.com (EnvirotacII, InstaPave, RhinoPave etc.) in a blue or other color to:

a. firm up farm dikes so better protected tracked vehicles can be used

b. stop vehicle accidents from dikes crumbling

c. Seal road shoulders to show that they have been cleared of road bombs or show they have been tampered with

d. seal the tops of Hesco concertainers and SOA www.soacorp.com earth-filled portable blast walls

e. seal troop living areas

f. stop "brown out" on aircraft landing points

5. Pedestrianize . Do not allow cars/trucks in with possible bombs. Set up foot checkpoints with bomb sniffing dogs. Make a walk only area like is. Reduce parameters of the bomb problem. Use earth-filled SOA walls in a "S" shape to localize anyone who blows up bombs at checkpoints:


6. STOP further alienating Iraqi civilians. Empty the prisons we have containing wrongly imprisoned people. They may be rebels now, but we need to do the right thing and take our lumps. Demolish Abu Gahraib prison.

7. Immediately buy easy to maintain MANNED observation/attack fixed-wing planes that can fly 24/7/365 and help the pickets keep MSRs/LOCs free of bombs. UAVs are no panacea and cannot see or attack adequately. Helicopters cannot fly 24/7/365 and are too noisy. Details:


TRADOC should should craft a totally new NLB doctrinal model to drastically reduce the supply runs needed, secure the few supply roads we cannot do without and create mobile ISO container housing units called "Battle Boxes" so we can live in fortified but TEMPORARY base camps and picket MSRs with adequate check points so we do not incite rebellions against us nor oblige the enemy with a constant stream of easily blown up targets. The NLB concept of operations (CONOPS) should be implemented DoD wide. We must fully adapt to the NLB.


Again, the ISO container "Battle Box" would be:

* Standard inter-model 20-foot that rapidly moves by container ships anywhere in world at least cost

* Have bunks to sleep 6 Soldiers

* Insulated to hold in heat or keep cold

* Interior lighting powered by 12 volt deep-cycle batteries

* Charged by exercise bike and solar panels

* Come with metal walls to place earth fill to protect against RPGs, car/truck bombs when above ground

* Moved by user units via M1022A1 mobilizer dolly wheels, Butch Walker's ANT-ISO forklift trailers, BucketLiftTM etc.

* A/C or swamp cooler energy frugal cooling system not requiring fossil fuel generators and added force fuel supply convoy costs/risks

To effect NLB CONOPS, ALL Army/Mc units must be able to pack up EVERYTHING they own into their BATTLEBOXESTM and go to virginal training areas, perhaps Shiloh in by frugal rail and TRAIN AS THEY WOULD FIGHT without fear of knocking a tree over and being crucified by an on-post eco-nazis.

The Army/Mc are not fully ready for current non-linear wars; the era of spending days mowing lawns, marching in retirement/change of command parades, polishing floors, filling out contrived "mother may I?" paperwork to reduce the anxieties of milicrats all centered on civilian buildings in military parade ground colors that do not fight is over. Anything less than an army/Mc that focuses every second of every day to COMBAT excellence will be rejected by America's youth and professional warriors both of whom want to WIN not die in a dysfunctional bureaucracy.


We can no longer cavalierly drive around in rubber-tired trucks because we are inefficiently supplied and want to have a comfortable ride. WAR is not a mirror battlebox of civilian or garrison post military life. WAR is an extreme activity where every second of every day of every month of every year the enemy is trying to KILL YOU and your comrades. Nothing is to be assumed as being "easy" and EVERYONE FIGHTS AND EVERYONE WORKS. There must be no "tail" of Jessica Lynch type units that are not equipped to survive and fight.

The components of the BATTLEBOXTM system solve simultaneously several problems at once and should be viewed in their synergistic entirety and not pidgeon-holed one component at a time by a narrow-minded part of the Army bureaucracy whose status quo "feathers" might be "ruffled". The BATTLEBOXTM whole is far greater than even the sum of its parts. To see the greatest common denominator good that can come of the BATTLEBOXTM system it has to be viewed in its entirety from all disciplines of military thought, strategy, operational art, tactics, logistics and human factors. Military theorist, the late Colonel John Boyd postulated that the best decision-making cycle would be one where you "Observe, Orient, Decide and then Act" or "OODA loop". This construct is fine if the parameters have already been set and you are in a life-or-death FIDO dogfight in your F-86 versus a MIG-15 but its deficient in how to anticipate how future wars will unfold so you can get BETTER PARAMETERS (GIDO) in the first place because its shallow in its thinking. We propose a better decision-making cycle would be:

Observe the situation

Investigate to determine the problems in detail

Understand by honest reflection and research

Experiment with possible solutions

Decide on the greatest possible outcome

Act on the solutions to make them real

These steps are the "classic" steps taught in CAS3, staff school terminated unfortunately recently.....here are their problem-solving steps:

1. Accurately identify the PROBLEM, not just the symptoms

2. Obtain information that BEARS on the problem itself

3. Develop courses of action (COA)

4. Analyze each course of action

5. Compare (wargame) courses of action against others

6. DECIDE and execute on a course of action

7. Refine and develop the COA

Boyd's OODA loop is embedded in the CAS3 cycle; Observe (steps 1, 2), Orient (gather information, stay FOCUSED, steps 3, 4) DECIDE (step 4,5) and ACT (step 6).

Where do we start?

For a better NLB CONOPS, TRADOC should on a crash-course basis create a demonstrator infantry company equipped with the BATTLEBOXTM system of roughly 30 boxes. Supporting this maneuver unit would be a 2-aircraft BATTLEBOXaircraft detachment in Vigilante 2s.

The BATTLEBOXTM infantry company and aircraft detachment would be mobile 17 light (under 20 tons) tracked armored vehicles adapted from widely available M113 Gavin tracks that would be explosion tested with real 155mm artillery shells at point blank range underneath and alongside, and real rocket propelled grenades to create the MINIMUM MOBILITY STANDARD FOR ALL TROOPS OF ALL UNITS ON THE NLB.

Slapping armor here and there in a patchwork on Humvee SUVs shaped with right 90 degree angles to contain blast effects, 4 door openings, a weak windshield, an open rooftop rolling on 4 air-filled rubber tires easily punctured and set on fire is failing miserably in . So-called "up-armored" M1114 Humvees which we bought at great expense at $150K each are easily ripped apart by blast effects and the men inside shredded by ball bearings in what troops call "platter charges". Even if you start with an unified armored body and plop it on top on a truck chassis (Stryker) you still have bad shaping to contain the blast, easily shredded and ignited rubber tires that restrict you to roads/trails where you WILL be ambushed and you are 28% larger and heavier than a tracked armored vehicle. We can no longer in the cat vs. mouse deadly game of war squander 28% of our potential armor protection because we want to roll on what we think are easy to maintain and comfortable civilian wheels. If we continue to not keep faith with our men/women in uniform by sending them to war in these wheeled deathtraps we will soon no longer have either an army or a marine corps. Nobody wants to be on a losing team that will get them killed for nothing.

The day of the civilian truck in military garb, like the horse cavalry is over on today's lethal non-linear battlefields dominated by high explosive attacks. General James Gavin realized this after seeing thousands of his men die on foot WW1-style and in trucks in both WW2 and . As Army Chief of Research and Development he created a simple, lightweight baseline bullet protective tracked armored vehicle to fully enclose and protect a squad of men in possibly nuclear blast environments that could swim and fly in aircraft, what we know today as the M113. Today's high explosive attacks focus locally even more destructive power than an atomic bomb from far away; we must start with a fully armored body rolling on go-anywhere tracks in a lightweight form so its affordable for every Soldier to have and can go through open and closed terrains. A lightweight armored track can adapt to the "threat from below" because more armor weight can be modularly added as needed to its robust suspension, drivetrain that spreads the load over a much wider area than narrow rubber-tired wheels. Since the Vietnam war, more American Soldiers/marines have died from landmines and car/truck bombs than any other cause.

Desired End-State

After a demonstrator infantry company and air detachment with 30 BATTLEBOXTM and 17 Gavin tracked vehicle variant systems are proven in force-on-force and live-fire testing, the TRADOC Task Force should present a restructuring plan for both the Army based on these equipment within a new NLB CONOPS. Congress will if asked pass bills containing the necessary funds to completely transform both the Army (and marines if they wake-up) to the NLB BATTLEBOXTM and tracked armored vehicle standard. By 2010 wheeled trucks should comprise less than 1% of the Army and marines.

Anything less than this or similar full adaptation to the NLB will result in continued deterioration and collapse of the moral trust (themis) our people have in their Army and marines. If the above steps are not done both 's Army and marines could have a quality manpower collapse from the destructive direct and indirect forces of continued, ill-conceived combat operations in Iraq/Afghanistan. The next 9/11 attacks upon our homeland may be nuclear, resulting in MILLIONS dead not just a few thousands. If we will not act decisively until we cross this pain threshold, we are failing our people as alleged civic leaders and as human beings.

We hope that you will use either the CAS3 steps or Observe-Investigate-Understand-Experiment then decide and act on our BATTLEBOXTM system to better our Army at the end of your search into all available COTS options.

* BATTLEBOXesTM make everything in the U.S. Army SELF-SUFFICIENT

* BATTLEBOXesTM make everything in the U.S. Army PROTECTIVE

* BATTLEBOXesTM make everything in the U.S. Army MOBILE

* BATTLEBOXesTM make everything in the U.S. Army READY-TO-FIGHT

* BATTLEBOXesTM make everything in the U.S. Army's holistic field living/fighting system RE-USABLE


Mike Sparks



1. M1022A1 Dolly Set manufacturer


CDK Mobile Systems Inc.



Tel: (302) 475-6696 • Fax: 6618

e-mail: [email protected]

2. FLEX-CELL manufacturer

Bombs More Potent

By Rick Jervis and Dave Moniz, Today

forces in are encountering more powerful roadside bombs that are sometimes capable of piercing heavily armored Humvees, a marine general said Thursday.

A day earlier, five marines were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb near Ramadi in western . It was not clear whether that bomb was one of the more powerful “shaped charges.” Such bombs direct the force of the blast in a single direction, which concentrates their

lethal effect.

“We have seen instances in the past, I think probably three since the first of May, where there has been a shaped charge type of weapon developed,” marine Lt. Gen. James Conway, director of operations for the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said at a Pentagon briefing.

A roadside bomb killed five other marines last week.

Insurgents have long been making bombs capable of blasting through some level of armor. But shaped charges increase the chance of penetrating armor. “It's, once again, crude but in some ways effective,” said. Insurgents have also recently increased the number of car and truck bombs they're using against Iraqi security forces and civilians. On the dangerous road to

, a suicide bomber plowed his car Thursday into the back of a truck ferrying Iraqi police officers, killing eight officers and wounding 25.

The violence threatened to overshadow a political development: Sunni and Shiite Muslim leaders overcame weeks of disputes and agreed on the makeup of a committee that will draft 's new constitution.

The deal calls for 15 Sunni Arabs to join two already on the 55-member committee. An additional 10 Sunni Arabs will be advisers. The insurgency is primarily an alliance of foreign fighters and Sunni Arabs who are former members of Saddam Hussein's ruling Baath Party.

's Shiite-led government hopes to win over the Sunnis and isolate the foreign fighters.

The foreign fighters remain a relatively small part of the insurgency, said Air Force Brig. Gen. Donald Alston, a military spokesman. But their impact is disproportionate because they are behind most of the massive suicide car and truck bombings, he said.

“The foreign fighter is usually the one behind the wheel of a car bomb or any suicide situation,” Alston said during a briefing Thursday in . “Not exclusively, but they're the principal ones who exercise that craft. And when they find themselves in close proximity of a crowd, they could have devastating effects.” They have increased the number of car bombings during the past couple months. Car bomb attacks — both suicide and remotely detonated — climbed to 135 in April and 143 in May, a monthly record, Lt. Col. Steve Boylan said. Of the more than 14,000

suspected insurgents in Iraqi prisons, only about 370 are foreigners, Boylan said.Insurgent attacks have killed nearly 1,100 people since the government took office April 28.

On another matter, Alston said that tips to Iraqi authorities resulted in the arrest Tuesday of Mohammed Khalaf, also known as Abu Talha, who was al-Qaeda's leader in northern . He described the capture as a major defeat for the terrorist group.

Jervis reported from , Moniz from . Contributing: Wire Reports

4. Concerned About Spread of Insurgent Tactics from to



Defense News

North Africans are beginning to show up among insurgents in , raising concerns that they will carry home tactics and techniques learned from that conflict, two senior officials said June 17.

Major General Thomas Csrnko, head of U.S. special operations command in Europe, said analysts were still trying to determine where the North Africans came from and who they were affiliated with.

”The potential does exist for individuals or groups to go to and either conduct operations or receive some of the training,” he said.

”And one of our fears is that if they do get that training and get some of the techniques that are going on , they could bring that back to ,” he said.

Csrnko and U.S. Ambassador to Senegal Allan Roth spoke to reporters by telephone from where and African forces are taking part in a three week exercise with nine African countries from across the region.

More than 700 special operations troops have been conducting training drills in , , , , and with some 3,000 African troops as part of the Flintlock 05 exercise.

An aim of the exercise is to improve communication among the militaries of the region to prevent the movement of insurgents across their borders.

The expects to spend between 30 to 60 million dollars on a trans-Sahara counter-terrorism initiative in 2006, and 100 million dollars a year over the next five years.

”I think one of our concerns is that citizens or personnel from this region are beginning to show up in , and we would like to see that activity stopped,” said Roth. “Certainly we would hope that by participating in programs like Flintlock host governments in the region would contribute to that effort as well.”

The insurgent group in the region that most concerns the United States is the Salfist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC), an Al-Qaeda affiliated organization based in Algeria that claimed responsibility for a raid on a military outpost in Mauritania June 4.

The attackers were reported to have killed 15 Mauritanian soldiers and carried off two hostages as well as an assortment of vehicles and military equipment.

Csrnko said the attack was typical of others carried out by the GSPC in the past, rather than reflecting any new Iraq-inspired tactics.

”They are very mobile, very short engagements, very lethal, and then they take what they can get and then leave. It’s kind of the classic raid type scenario,” he said.

The group primarily has been involved in smuggling within the region, and conducting operations to re-supply itself with weapons, ammunitions and food.

But the intelligence community raised its rating to the tier reserved for the most threatening terrorist groups after it formally allied itself with Al-Qaeda, the general said.

Csrnko said no insurgent training camps have been identified in the vast region, but he said the potential is there.

”Of course, if there are individuals that are going to Iraq from northern Africa, then the potential obviously exist that there are training camps, or they are receiving some type of training before they go,” he said.

”Or as I mentioned before, another concern is that they are going to , receiving training there, and then coming back to ,” he said.

5. Slapping armor onto Humvees doesn't work

Army officer in writes:

"One more note to get rid of wheels. Since the AOA kits have been installed on the M998/M1025/M1026 HMMWV (Ogara Hess), which are just heavy steel slats of plating bolted onto the M1025's,really (no undercarriage protection!), the front suspension has NOT been able to handle the weight and it goes beyond the vehicles limitations on the front end. You see sagging lillies running all over the place here Due to this, and just pure laziness (I'll agree) on DOD's part, the tires have to be changed three time as fast because the camber (inward/outward tilt of the tire) is thrown off due to the springs inability to handle the added armor. To fix this the brackets have to be shimmed out accordingly, but since we have no alignment machines, no one wants to use the old string and block method, and the armoring is an 'in and out as fast as you can' process here, they never bother to order and beef up the suspension at the armament shop at Setiz using the M1114 kits. This taxes the already taxed ORG maintenance guys who are forced, if they can even find the time (which we haven't being too busy keeping the existing fleet FMC and doing services), to do the swap out. Fact is we never get the chance to go that deep into the suspension and problem goes unresolved, just swap the tires and keep on trucking is the attitude.

Bottom Line: A radial HMMWV wheel and runflat will wear out in 1/3rd of its lifetime without the suspensions being upgraded, costing the taxpayer $900.oo a pop on each tire every two months (average lifespan with alignment out of whack).

Plus the AoA kitted HMMWV's are worthless for anything other than 7.62 rounds.

DOD has put a bandaid on a gaping wound on the AoA kitting of existing M998/M1026/1025 HMMWV fleet."

6. Army officer in admits Stryker trucks are lemons

Subj: xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Date: 6/17/2005 7:32:45 AM Eastern Daylight Time

From: [email protected] (xxxxxxxxxxxx)

To: [email protected]

Sours: http://www.combatreform.org/battleboxes.htm
  1. Airworthiness directives
  2. Lug crossbody handbag
  3. Fox jeep

Items are objects that are stored in the Backpack and can be used for a wide variety of applications. Up to 99 of each item may be stored in the backpack.


General items cannot be used during combat. It includes items such as Scent or Smoke Bomb, that affect the player and its interaction with the world, as well as items with no in-game uses that can be exchanged for Pansuns. They are consumed when used. Several of these items are available at Temporiums.


Scents are used to reduce the amount of untamed encounters.


Valuable general items have no use other than selling them.

Encounter Rate Boosters[]

Encounter Rate Boosters can be used to increase encounter rates for Temtem in the wild.


General items that have varying effects that don't fit into any other sub-category.


Capture items can only be used during combat and serve to tameTemtem. It comprises the different varieties of TemCards that are available. They are consumed when used.


Medicine items can be used either during or outside battles and affect the status or combat stats of Temtem. They are consumed when used. The main type of medicine is Combat Medicine.

Combat Medicine[]

Combat Medicine is used to restore HP, Stamina, and remove Status Conditions. They can also be used during combat, taking up a Temtem's turn. Several of these items are available at Temporiums.


Performance items enhance or decrease the stats of a Temtem, either by manipulating Stats, such as SVs or TVs, through leveling, or through evolution. They are consumed when used. Performance items may not be used during battle.

TV Fruits[]

TV Fruits include Enhancer Fruits and Weakener Fruits sold at Mokupuni Fruit Co-op. They are used to increase or decrease a Temtem's TVs by multiple points.

TV Candies[]

TV Candies include enhancing and weakening candies sold at FreshFruit Candies. They are used to increase or decrease a Temtem's TVs by a single point at a time.

Sours: https://temtem.fandom.com/wiki/Items

BattlBox Review

The first thing that comes to my mind as I write up this BattlBox review is that this is a fun subscription service. I admit it: I love to try out new gear! But there is a bit different reason I started on this journey to begin with.


What, Me Worry?

I was never the type of person to worry about what could happen. Holed up at my day job half of the time, I had no reason to believe that there would be any serious emergencies to prepare for. That all changed when I went on a backpacking trip with my fiancee to the Grand Canyon. 

It was a recipe for disaster: the heat was a blistering record high for the summer, we only packed enough snacks for a two day trip, and my fiancee suffered a nasty sprain in the middle of the lower river valley. Running dangerously low on water with no first aid kit, it took over nine hours for us to hobble back to base camp. Luckily, she’s just fine now, but I don't even want to imagine how much worse that trip could've ended.

It doesn't take much to change one's perspective...

After that experience, my perspective completely flipped. If you've ever been caught unprepared in a crisis, you've learned this lesson too. You know that life isn't harmless and bad things happen to good people. 

I needed to feel safe and believe that I could take care of my loved ones before I ventured out on a big trip again. I decided to become the guy that people could trust to execute on-the-fly problem solving - the self-sufficient guy, the guy who doesn’t rely on luck to make it out of every crisis unscathed. 

Enter: Survival Gear!

Much to my fiancee's chagrin, I dove into the world of survival gear - tactical knives, light-weight first aid kits, solar-charged headlamps - you name it, I got it. Life wasn't going to catch me with my pants down again.

Through all the different gear and survival services I've tried over the past year, the one brand that's consistently stuck out in my memory is BattlBox (some people refer to it as "Battle Box" but it's just "BattlBox." Similar to other subscription services, BattlBox mails out monthly boxes chock full of survival, outdoors, and emergency gear straight to your doorstep. 

Welcome Mission Box

When I first made the split decision to shell out for the Welcome Mission box, I was skeptical despite all the positive reviews I heard online. I ended up being more than pleasantly surprised; the gear I received was well made, from established brands, and consisted of items that added value to my bug-out bag  and EDC rather than being the same redundant gear.

After the first month, you’re able to pick from any of the Mission Boxes posted on the website each month if you’re not the type to appreciate surprise items every month. So far, my personal favorite items have been a canvas ax sling I’ve used dozens of times, a Buck n’ Bear serrated knife, and the vacuum-insulated travel thermos.

The Tiered System 

Unlike other services, BattlBox is based on a structured tiered system that allows you to choose the size of your monthly package. The Basic plan, sitting at just $29.99 per month, comes with a variety of items you need in a pinch but wouldn't think to buy on their own: just-add-water meals, typhoon matches, water-resistant sleeping bag liners, and collapsible serrated knives.

Depending on your needs and budget, you can switch up to three higher levels: Advanced, Pro, and Pro Plus. These boxes contain every item at the lower tiers, plus more gear from trusted high quality brands, such as TOPS, Kershaw, CRKT, Gerber, and more. Trust me, most of the stuff you receive is substantial and a must-have for adventures.

If you're curious, the higher tier boxes sit at these price points:
Advanced: $49.99/month
Pro: $99.99/month
Pro Plus: $149.99/month

You Receive More Value than You Pay For 

Considering that the boxes often come with winter-proof sleeping bags, tents, and watches, they’re a fantastic bang for your buck. I’ve personally grown to respect BattlBox through their ethical company practices - they are one hundred percent transparent about the money value included in each package, and you can cancel or change your subscription plan at any point in time with no hassle. Based on my own experience, the average basic box would set you back $45 to $70 if you were to buy all the gear separately through other retailers.

Quality, Brand-Name Products 

Ultimately, the great thing about subscription-based companies like BattlBox is that they rely almost entirely on customer loyalty. If you’re a gearhead, you’re going to almost instantly be able to pick out what products are good items versus what’s cheaply crafted and not well-suited for emergency situations. The company is incentivized to keep you coming back with packages that ramp up the stakes every month.

If you venture out relatively often, whether it’s a part of your industry or how you let off steam, the BattlBox at any price point is a great investment. It provides awesome gear for varying levels of expertise and experience in outdoor settings.

Some Gear You Just Don’t Need 

The only slight drawback of getting the subscription box versus buying individual items is that there will be several times you receive gear you simply don’t need. For instance, I live in a climate with no natural venomous predators, yet one box I received contained anti-venom and snake safety products. This aspect is not purely unique to BattlBox, but is a feature of every surprise mailed-monthly product. I guess I could try to sell it on eBay or something, but I suppose I could also just save it for another backpacking trip out west.

For example, if you were to look at some of the past "Missions" and what they contain (for example, the Mission 45 box that you can see here), they have a "collapsible blowgun." For me, at least at this point in my efforts to be more prepared, I don't really see this as something I would use. 

Most of it's useful though

The point is, overall, I find the majority of the items I receive every month are incredibly useful and add a unique element to my tactical collection. Often, the items I receive introduce me to new hobbies or ways of adventuring that I wouldn't have thought about before.

Also, they have some "kid friendly" products that can make for an excellent opportunity to get outdoors with your children while introducing them self-reliance skills. 

For example, check out the "Safe 4 Kids Gift Box" and the "Animal Tracks Casting Kit."  

 If I truly can't find a use for something, it often makes a great gift for relatives or, worse comes to worse, can be resold like I mentioned earlier.

Despite the occasional item that disappoints, the BattlBox - without fail - contains tactical gear of value that is greater than the price point you have bought them at. Honestly, I recoup the losses and save by ordering through BattlBox rather than buying individual, brand-name items through corporate retailers.

One of the things that I personally like a lot - and you may as well - is that they have been totally genius in grabbing my attention with their lively YouTube channel and Forum. They have well over 1500 members on their forum alone. 

And all their Mission Boxes have a great video that accompanies it. Here's just one example - this is from their Mission 49: Back to Basics. Honestly, these guys are just really good. They hold my attention, which in itself is no small feat.

Final Thoughts

Do you want to find new ways to look out for your personal safety? Do you want to be proficient at handling crisis in the outdoors? BattlBox might work for you. Personally, as someone who’s been searching for cheaper solutions to get into tactical gear, the BattlBox provided me the perfect opportunity: quality products mailed every month to my door, great monetary value, and an introduction into the world of crisis aversion in nature.

Bottom Line: Due to the quality of the gear, along with the sheer innovative nature of their brand and community, I would absolutely recommend getting this subscription service if you are interested exploring new aspects of being an outdoorsman.

These guys have this wired. Give them a try.

Should I Move to the Country

Should You Move to the Country?

This post may contain affiliate links for products I recommend. If you

HuntStand Pro Review and Guide

Ultimate Review and Guide to the HuntStand App

It’s no secret that land navigation and hunting are two integral elements

All About Solar Cookers and Solar Ovens

Harnessing the Sun: All About Solar Cookers

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Survivor Filter Pro Review

Survivor Filter Review and Guide – Exclusive Coupon Code

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Beginner's Guide to Urban Survival and Preparedness

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Guide to Winter Foraging for Beginners

The Ultimate Guide for First-Time Winter Foragers

While a blanket of snow and ice may make foraging more difficult,

Sours: http://www.truthsurvival.com/battlbox-review/

Box tsunami price battle

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An item can have different market values if it is from a Series or not.Item Prices (all origins)shows the combined value for each item from its Series and Non-Series variants.
Item Prices (not from Series)and Item Prices (from Series)show the value for applicable items without or with Series.

Why do Series matter?

Five Non-Series items from any rarity can be traded up to an item of the next higher rarity. This gives them a basic value even if a specific item has low demand by itself. Only Non-Series items can be traded up like this. Items from Series can't be traded up at all.Many of these Non-Series items get traded in bulk at an average base price for tradeups. You can see these average Non-Series prices here on the prices page too ("Generic Non-Series Items" above price tables).This does not mean that for example every NCI has exactly that value. Specific demanded items can always be worth more. These NC prices rather give the according items a minimum value if they are not from a Series.

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Blueprint values are calculated based on Series Item prices and crafting cost. For Blueprints that are mathematically worthless (crafting cost higher than item market value), we display greyed-out symbolic values that buyers are willing to pay in rare cases. We will keep monitoring the blueprint market closely and adjust this system if market behavior changes in the future for any reason.

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Sun Microsystems Inc was very sniffy when our sister paper Unigram.X first revealed the existence of the low-end Sparc RISC code-named Tsunami, saying it couldn’t see why anybody would be interested in it. There won’t be a trace of such sniffiness today: it will want the whole world to gasp in awe at its daring and enterprise when it launches the first machines using the new chip, and will borrow from the John Lewis Partnership’s famous battle-cry Never knowlingly undersold. Sun’s Tsunami sales forces are said to have orders from Sun chief Scott McNealy to be animalistic, ripping up the old price list in an attempt to stand the computer industry status quo on its head. It is believed this instruction will translate into an entry-level Tsumani box that breaks not only the $5,000 barrier but the $4,000 barrier as well. At press time Sun was still chipping away at the price of the Tsunami Classic, so named because Sun expects it to become the standard by which all others are judged. It is unlikely to be more than $4,000 and could be slashed even more by this morning’s launch. The 59 MIPS colour machine, to be available immediately, will come with a 50MHz Tsunami engine, the Sun-Texas Instruments Inc chip now renamed MicroSparc, 16Mb to 96Mb of internal memory, 200Mb to 424Mb disk, two Sbus slots and 8-bit colour.

Faster than a 66MHz Pentium

The entry-level model will have a 15 screen, new to Sun, capable of putting up 1,024 by 768 pixels, the standard Sun resolution. There will also be 16 and 19 displays available. Sun will tout the Classic as two to three times faster than a top-of-the-line Intel Corp 50MHz 80486 machine and even faster than machines using the forthcoming 66MHz Pentium part in the iAPX-86 family. The Classic is expecetd to do 4.6 MFLOPS, 26.6 SPECint and 21 SPECfp. An up-scale model, dubbed the LX, is expected to cost between $8,000 and $9,000. It will come equipped with 424Mb disk standard, expandable to 1Gb, a GX accelerator for graphics, CD-quality audio and ISDN standard. Both will run only the new Solaris 2.1. To cut the fat out of the Classic’s price tag, Sun will adopt a policy historically alien to the computer industry, the no dicker sticker that US automakers like General Motors Corp and Ford Motor Co are experimenting with. The Classic’s list price, and only the Classic’s, will not be discounted. How Sun gets its resellers to toe this line remains to be seen. Sun also expects to make money on the box by taking business away from high-end personal computers, with the LX in particular aimed at personal computer design automation accounts; it also hopes to attract a new set of customers lured by the promise that Tsunami, by offering better value, will improve the depreciation schedule. A Sun Microsystems Computer Corp vice-president, before biting his tongue, claimed it would be a piece of cake getting 100,000 units out the door in the next year, which would be close to half the volume Sun currently does in a year.

This article is from the CBROnline archive: some formatting and images may not be present.

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