Top 5 Kannada songs with highest views on YouTube  |  Photo Credit: YouTube
- There are some catchy songs of Kannada films that have been extremely loved by listeners
- Chuttu Chuttu from Raambo 2 is the first Kannada song to have crossed million views on YouTube
- Karabuu from the film Pogaru is so far the highest viewed Kannada song on YouTube
We live in a digital world and that's why you can see records being created and broken on digital platforms on a daily basis. Even when it comes to films' music, many have gone viral on digital platforms. We can find many digital records being created in various segments with respect to films.
One such thing is “highest views” on the YouTube platform. Yes, it has become a trend for many filmmakers to promote their most catchy tunes on social media platforms such as YouTube. Sometimes, the success of a film is also compared with the views its songs receive.
In Kannada cinema too, this trend is present and we can see some of the best Kannada songs have received the highest views and became very popular.
Karabuu: The song “Karabuu” from the film Pogaru so far has received + million views on Youtube. The song has been picturized between Dhruva Sarja and Rashmika Mandanna. The film was recently released and had a decent business at the box office. This is the catchy number of the film and has become very popular.
Chuttu Chuttu: The song “Chuttu chuttu” from Raambo 2 has received + million views on YouTube so far. This song has been picturized between Sharan and Ashika Ranganath who play lead roles in the film. The music for the film has been composed by Arjun Janya. In fact, this very song became the first Kannada song to cross million-plus views on YouTube.
Belageddu: The song “Belageddu” from the film Kirik Party starring Rakshit Shetty and Rashmika Mandanna in the lead roles has received + million views on YouTube so far. In fact, this song became the second Kannada song to cross the mark of million views. The track has been composed by B Ajaneesh Loknath and sung by Vijay Prakash.
Chanda Chanda: The song “Chanda Chanda” from the film Anjani Putra has so far received 95+ million views on YouTube. The film stars Puneeth Rajkumar and Rashmika Mandanna in the lead roles. Music for the film has been composed by Ravi Basrur of KGF fame. It is a romantic song with lyrics written in Mangalore style Kannada language and sung by Ravi Basrur and Anuradha Bhat.
Yenammi Yenammi: The song “Yenammi Yenammi” from the film Ayogya starring Sathish Ninasam and Rachita Ram in the lead roles has so far received 93+ million views on YouTube. The film has the music direction of Arjun Janya.
It is a romantic song shot in the village and sung by Vijay Prakash and Palak Muchchal.
Tags: IndiaInstagramLivestreamingshort videoYouTube
The fifth edition of annual Indian conference All About Music that took place during the last week of September was, unsurprisingly, its second virtual instalment. It was also its biggest with over speakers delivering keynotes, masterclasses and presentations, participating in conversations and panel discussions or conducting workshops.
With the film industry remaining on pause for much of , the focus this time was on “regional, independent and non-film music”, the uptick in the uptake of which helped the industry tide through another difficult 12 months.
Unlike previous years when they were clubbed together in a single panel, there were separate sessions that put the spotlight on the workings of 14 Indian regional-language music industries. Here’s what we learned after attending almost all of what was on offer. (Disclaimer: This writer moderated a panel discussion at the event.)
Note: journalist Amit Gurbaxani and Music Ally Editor will be discussing the below topics in more detail in a podcast that will be published next week – if you have a specific question about the Indian music industry you’d like Amit to answer, please email [email protected]
1. The next round of music streamers won’t necessarily be young people.
In his conference opening keynote, Vikram Mehra, the chairman of recorded music trade body the Indian Music Industry and MD of Saregama, said there was a “silver lining” to the pandemic lockdowns that took away many of the sources of revenue for the country’s music business.
Mehra said, “People in their fifties, sixties and seventies” who were previously “very apprehensive about adopting digital technology” got “forced to start consuming content on their devices, not just music [but] short format video [and] long format video”.
This, he believes, is “great news, because remember, all the things that went wrong for us, gigs not happening, theaters not opening, public performance not happening, are all reversible. But the positive change that happened of older people coming to the digital bandwagon is an irreversible change”.
He also recommended that streaming platforms “understand that the product functionality and user interfaces for smaller towns” where the next round of digital consumers will come from “have to be different, keeping in mind the fact these are not the most digital savvy people. They’re not today’s 25 year olds. They may be a 50 year old in Ujjain.”
2. The digital democratisation of music distribution might be an urban phenomenon.
The panel discussion about ‘The Live Music Business In Times Of Uncertainty’ revealed that unlike tech-savvy musicians in large cities who reached out to fans by livestreaming performances during the last 18 months, those in smaller cities, towns and villages couldn’t connect with their audiences so easily.
“If you speak to Sanjoy Roy [the MD of production company Teamwork Arts] who works with a lot of cultural artists in Tier-II [and] Tier-III [cities], he said that earlier language [and] access was already a divide, now you’ve added a third layer, which is the quality of the internet, access to the internet [and] quality of the recording equipment,” said All About Music curator Roshan Abbas, who is the current president of the Event and Entertainment Management Association. “Sometimes we look at this democratisation from a very urban lens.”
3. International musics market share falls, but consumption grows
The market share of international music is decreasing but its consumption is increasing in absolute numbers. According to Jay Mehta, the MD of Warner Music India, “Right now, international music contributes to approximately 13% of overall audio music consumption. Over the last three years, the contribution in percentage terms has gone down but in terms of sheer volume it has only gone up. With every new expansion into Tier-II [and] Tier-III cities, a new user consumes either Hindi or a regional language as their primary languages and English as a secondary language. There is an increase in consumption but not at the same intensity as it used to be.”
Mehta, who was part of a panel discussion about ‘Breaking India’, also attributed the rise in the listenership to short video sharing platforms leading to the discovery of older international songs as well as other socio-economic and cultural factors such as changing lifestyle trends including the proliferation of clothing and F&B brands and English medium schools across the country.
Thanks to India’s billion-plus population, even a small proportion of the audience equals substantial amounts. As per Padmanabhan NS, the head of artist and label partnerships at Spotify India, “If you take the top 20 artists in the world, you will find India in their top five or top ten markets.”
4. India isnt yet a significant touring market for international musicians
“Here’s the thing that’s interesting about India,” said Scooter Braun in his keynote conversation with Universal Music India MD and CEO Devraj Sanyal. “It’s this massive population that loves, loves, loves entertainment and music. I’ve never understood why you guys are able to create the studios and Bollywood and everything else but there aren’t enough great venues.
It’s very hard to tour properly a global superstar that you can see by streams, deserves to be there a lot more, he continued. The infrastructure is not set up properly every single time we come. It’s not like there’s not enough wealth there to do it. I’m waiting to see when that’s going to happen because I think you’ll see the global music market come there in a very different way when live is easier to do.”
5. Getting livestream rights from Indian labels can be challenging
“With Jim Beam, we did a ten-part series where we were getting Indian artists to perform their rendition of their favourite international artists’ music,” said Varun Khare, the business head of Live Entertainment (IPs and Partnerships) of ticketing platform and promoter Paytm Insider, at a panel discussion called ‘Streaming Concerts Live A Zero Sum Game?’.
“One of the reasons we pivoted to an idea like that in the first place was because it was incredibly tough to sit across the table with publisher-labels in India. When we went through the international publishers, yes it did come back to these same label heads in India but we saw success. We managed to negotiate a rate across the board that gave us rights for not only the livestreaming but also a year’s worth of time on YouTube.
[To] nail down ten artists, it also meant that we went out to get rights for about 25 artists. In a couple of cases we went back to the [performing] artist to say, ‘Sorry this isn’t your favourite artist [but] we got rights for this artist’. The structure is so different from the West in India because the publishers are the labels.”
6. Buying YouTube views is standard practice even in the regional language music industries
“It’s like an open secret. Everybody knows it. If a song is good, what’s wrong in giving a little push to it?” said Anand Chabria, partner at regional language record label Anand Audio when asked about increasing the longevity of songs in the Kannada music industry.
“For example, ‘Pogaru’ from [the film] Karabuu, that actually was promoted. About seven or eight million views were pushed on YouTube. Today that song is sitting on million views. We cannot spend million views, right? But that initial push was required. Just the first seven-eight million views were paid. Once YouTube picked it up, the other apps picked it up and automatically the shelf life increased.”
7. Actors are still the face of “non-film” regional music songs
“[Recently] I’ve had at least four Telugu non-film music recordings,” said playback and pop singer Rahul Nambiar who performs in Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Kannada, during a discussion about the Telugu music industry. “People are trying stuff. [For] songs that are not part of any movie but have been recorded by professional artists, TV serial artists and upcoming actors [have] been part of the video. That’s a trend evident even in the Tamil industry.”
8. There’s a growing over-dependence on Instagram Reels
“Earlier, artists used to want their entire song to be very good, from the start to the end,” said Haryanvi rapper and singer KD Desi Rock on a panel discussion about the north Indian regional language’s music industry.
“If a song was great, it would become popular by word of mouth. Now there’s only one medium of promotion, mainly Reels. Since then, every artist, whether they’re writers or singers, thinks, ‘Fifteen to 20 seconds of my song should be good, I don’t need anything else. If the song gets picked up on Reels, it will do well on YouTube.’ There are many tracks that are huge on Reels but when you watch them on YouTube, there’s no life in the rest of the song.”
He also lamented the tendency of Haryanvi artists to showboat. “If I spend Rs3 lakhs on promotions on Reels, another artist will spend Rs4 lakhs on his next song,” he said. “The labels suffer. It’s most detrimental to new artists. Labels invest in artists [who have] already [proven themselves] in the market. When artists with dreams of becoming famous are faced with the prospect of needing Rs3 lakhs for promotions, it hurts their morale and they feel this field isn’t for them.”
9. But musicians aren’t optimising the recent boom in short video apps
Though short video apps have become an essential part of most artists and labels’ marketing plans and budgets, many are only thinking of them as another distribution platform rather than as tools to increase their own celebrity, believes Soumyajit Modak, director of music at MX Takatak.
“Music creators are looking at short video platforms with a very limited lens,” he said during a panel discussion titled ‘Short Format Means Big Business’. “They’re just looking at it [for] releasing music and helping non-music creators pick it up and make [it] viral.
“What they don’t understand is that they themselves can become really crazy creators. [Like, for] example, Yashraj Mukhate. Last year, he made one video and today, he’s graduated from being a musician to being a music creator. That is a case study for all young musicians [who] need to do much, much more with their music. While distributing [it], how do you become that star? [If your music is] in the background, you’re like a playback singer. At the end of day, if it’s Shah Rukh Khan [performing] to your song, it’s Shah Rukh Khan who’s getting the fame.”
Indian indie acts have a captive audience in the north-east of India
“We play a lot of [Indian independent] artists who make music in English [who] are not going to get their songs [on stations] in Mumbai and Delhi. These artists from the national scene will find their home in small stations in Shillong and Aizawl where their music gets played three-four times a week,” said K. Mark Swer, executive producer and music manager for national radio network Big FM in the north-eastern Indian city of Shillong.
His station airs a drive time show six days a week, which is dedicated to introducing indie music from seven of India’s north-eastern states and across the country to listeners within the region.
Sign up for Music Ally’s free weekly newsletter, The Knowledge – at-a-glance analysis of the modern music industry
What role do songs play in films? Rather we should ask how well the songs are used as a part of the story to make it significant. In the last years of Indian cinema, we have listened to a million number of songs composed in million number of genres. Be it classical, contemporary, Sufi, jazz, item number or simply the background score. Music definitely plays a significant role in cinema making to an extent that sole music can narrate you an entire story of its own. Unlike Hollywood, Indian cinema has given an utmost preference to music. In a way, films in India are incomplete without having songs in it. In this context, if we look at Kannada cinema, we have so many soulful songs (old & late) which have made a place in our hearts. Here we are with the list of most viewed Kannada Songs on youtube.
Note: You can watch YouTube videos without ads using a YouTube Moded app like YouTube++
When we refer to most viewed songs on a digital platform like Youtube then there are so many factors that come into play. The number here depends on the star’s popularity, visuals, channel’s popularity, and movies promotional strategies.
15 Most Viewed Kannada Songs on Youtube
#15 Chocolate Girl – Chandan Shetty Ft.Neha Shetty
Views: 20 Million
Music, Lyrics, Vocals, Direction: Chandan Shetty
Views: 21 Million
Movie: Kotigobba 2
Lyrics: V Nagendra Prasad
Singers: Shreya Ghoshal, Vijay Prakash
Music: D Imman
#13 Yenammi Yenammi (Lyrical)
Views: 23 Million
Lyrics: Chethan Kumar
Singers: Vijay Prakash, Palak Mucchal
Music: Arjun Janya
#12 Appa I Love You
Views: 24 Million
Lyrics: V. Nagendra Prasad
Singer: Anuradha Bhatt
Music: Arjun Janya
#11 Enne Nimdu Ooota Namdu
Views: 26 Million
Lyrics: Naveen Sajju
Music & Vocals: Naveen Sajju
#10 Ondu Malebillu
Views: 30 Million
Lyrics: V Nagendra Prasad
Singers: Armaan Mallik, Shreya Ghoshal
Music: Arjun Janya
#9 Alladsu Alladsu
Views: 31 Million
Lyrics: Yograj Bhatt
Singer: Vijay Prakash
Music: Hari Krishna
#8 Tagaru Banthu Tagaru
Views: 32 Million
Lyrics: V Nagendra Prasad
Singer: Anthony Daasan
Music: Charan Raj
#7 Nidiregu Raja
Views: 34 Million
Movie: Ganda Hendthi
Lyrics: Hrudaya Shiva
Singer: Kunal Ganjawala
Music: Guru Kiran
#6 TEQUILA – Chandan Shetty Ft. Shalni Gowda
Views: 38 Million
Lyrics, Vocal & Music: Chandan Shetty
#5 Chanda Chanda
Views: 40 Million
Lyrics: Pramod Maravante
Singers: Ravi Basrur, Anuradha Bhat
Music: Ravi Basur
#4 Chuttu Chuttu
Views: 42 Million
Movie: Raambo 2
Lyrics: Shivu Bergi
Singer: Ravindra Soragavi
Music: Arjun Janya
#3 Chandan Shetty Ft. 3 PEG
Views: 44 Million
Lyrics, Vocal & Music: Chandan Shetty
#2 Bombe Helutaithe
Views: 55 Million
Lyrics: Santosha Anandaram
Singer: Vijay Prakash
Music: Hari Krishna
#1 Belageddu Yaara Mukhava
Views: 64 Million
Movie: Kirik Party
Lyrics: Dhananjay Ranjan
Singer: Vijay Prakash
Music: Ajaneesh Loknath
So, this was the list of most viewed Kannada songs on Youtube (present data). Which is your favorite one? Let us know in the comments below.
If you don’t want to miss our next Post then Like and Follow MetroSaga on Facebook and Instagram or simply download our Android App
You can also Subscribe to MetroSaga for newsletters.
Songs youtube kannada
Milliblog Weeklies, Week â Oct,
Milliblog Weeklies â Indiaâs only multilingual, weekly new music playlist.
Week On Spotify | On YouTube
11 songs this week. YouTube has all 11, while Spotify is missing Thaikkudam Bridges new medley single.
Yaathi Yaathi Abhishek CS (Tamil/Indipop): Ashwin Kumar seems to be the Tamil equivalent of Mouni Roy, featuring in pop single after pop single with alarming consistency and all of them raking in massive views on YouTube (Unakkena Naan/Shades of Kadhal December , Kannam Veesi January , Kutty Pattas March , Criminal Crush April , Adipoli August ), and now this! But, if I look at all these songs (none of them featured in Milliblog Weeklies), this is the first time one of them is part of this list. Musically, I wasnt entirely convinced or impressed with them, though I understand why they work with others reasonably good/catchy music to showcase Ashwins prowess. But Yaathi seems to be the first song, in my view, to have a really coherent and good musical layer Abhisheks tune could have easily been in a Sivakarthikeyan big-budget movie.
Backyard Sessions (Ilayaraja) Thaikkudam Bridge (Tamil): The band mixes two of Rajas iconic songs that are a decade apart ( ). The mix seemed incomplete and too short for my comfort, but whatever they do pick and mix sounds magical given how beautiful the original songs themselves are. The singers Christin Jos Vadasseril and Vipinlal C K do a terrific job, accentuating the melodies of the originals as if they are brittle artefacts that may break if mishandled!
Gandharva Lokala Pelli SandaD (M M Keeravani) Telugu: Keeravani recreates the quintessential K Raghavendra Rao song template (while the video stops short of rolling fresh fruits on the heroines belly; or it is probably present in the full video) musically. Its a lovely throwback, and the voices of Hemachandra and Ramya Behara build on that beautifully.
Srivalli Pushpa (Devi Sri Prasad) Telugu: DSP does it again! If the first single from the film was a floor-stomper, this one is such a wonderful contrast a lush melody that makes its tune an earworm almost instantly. He uses Manonmanis Sarangi in such a way that it becomes a signature sound. Sid Srirams choice is brilliant the small variations he brings to the same line (Choope Bangaaramaayane) are lovely!
Hey Thikamaka & Jagadale Raani Maha Samudram (Chaitan Bharadwaj) Telugu: Chaitans music for the movie is shades ahead of his first outing with the director, Ajay Bhupathi (RX). Like the directors expanded scope and canvas, Chaitans music too offers a significantly wider soundscape. Haricharan and Nutana Mohan prop Hey Thikamakas lilting melody perfectly, while Hemachandra and Chaitan himself handle the 80s style friendship anthem fabulously.
Gicchi Gili Gili Rathnan Prapancha (Ajaneesh Loknath) Kannada: Ajaneesh builds his tune around the Gicchi Gili Gili hook and that crow-like sound even though that sounded like a gimmick to me in the beginning, he goes on to layer the main melody very well on top. The result is a catchy song that seems like a very sophisticated version of a Govinda tapori song, but in Kannada. And because of that, Puneeth Rajkumars vocals are a great match for the tune!
Higher Power, Humankind, People of the Pride & My Universe Music of The Spheres (Coldplay) International: If Higher Power sounded like Coldplay channeling their inner Weeknd, thats because of the producer Max Martin, who also Blinding Lights. But it does sound great, framing Chris in a sound I usually do not associate with. Humankind is a great listen given how familiar it is within the Coldplay soundscape, though the lyrics are cringeworthy, offering pithy insights like we are called humankind because we are kind! People of the Pride too is a stupendous listen even as it sounds less like Coldplay (barring Chriss voice) and more of a Depeche Mode or Muse sound. And My Universe is, as expected, sugary-sweet boyband goodness featuring BTS and Coldplay predictable in every way, sound-wise, hooks-wise, and appeal-wise.
Indian music record label and film production company
|Founded||11July ; 38 years ago() in Delhi, India|
|Bhushan Kumar (Chairman, Managing Director)|
Neeraj Kalyan (President)
Updated: 11 October
Super Cassettes Industries Private Limited, doing business asT-Series,[note 1] is an Indian music record label and film production company founded by Gulshan Kumar on July 11,  It is primarily known for Bollywood music soundtracks and Indi-pop music. As of , T-Series is India's largest music record label, with up to a 35% share of the Indian music market, followed by Sony Music India and Zee Music. T-Series also owns and operates the most-viewed and the most-subscribed YouTube channel, with million subscribers and billion total views as of October 9,  While best known as a music label, T-Series has also had some moderate success as a film production company.
Kumar, initially a fruit juice seller in Delhi, founded T-Series to sell pirated Bollywood songs before the company eventually began producing new music. Their breakthrough came with the soundtrack for the Bollywood blockbuster Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak, composed by Anand-Milind, written by Majrooh Sultanpuri, and starring Aamir Khan and Juhi Chawla, which became one of the best-selling Indian music albums of the s, with over 8million sales. They eventually became a leading music label with the release of Aashiqui (), composed by Nadeem–Shravan, which sold 20million copies and became the best-selling Indian soundtrack album of all time. However, Gulshan Kumar was murdered by the Mumbai mafia syndicate D-Company on August 12, Since then, T-Series has been led by his son Bhushan Kumar and younger brother Krishan Kumar.
On YouTube, T-Series has a multi-channel network, with 30 channels (including Lahari Music) that have over million subscribers as of June 14, The company's YouTube team consists of 13people at the T-Series headquarters. The company's main T-Series channel on YouTube primarily shows music videos as well as film trailers. It became the most-viewed YouTube channel in January  The T-Series channel primarily features content in the Hindi language, and occasionally several other languages including Bhojpuri, Punjabi and English. T-Series also have other channels dedicated to content in several Indian languages including Bhojpuri, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Gujarati, Marathi and Rajasthani.
T-Series was founded on 11 July  by Gulshan Kumar, at the time a fruit juice seller in the Daryaganj neighbourhood of Delhi. The company initially sold pirated Bollywood songs, prior to releasing original music. Back then, the Indian audio cassette market was small-scale, with widespread piracy, but there was growing demand for cassette music. According to Rediff, while Kumar "was involved in piracy, he was passionately market- and consumer-driven." The company also took advantage of loopholes in copyright law allowing for the release of cover versions of songs, which T-Series would then flood the market with. Researchers Lawrence Liang and Ravi Sundaram wrote:
T-Series was a profoundly disruptive force in the Indian music market, in large part because it was a tremendously successful pirate. The company built its catalog through a variety of quasi-legal and illegal practices [T-Series] engaged in more straightforward copyright infringement in the form of pirate releases of popular hits, and it often illegally obtained film scores before the release of the film to ensure that its recordings were the first to hit the market.
Kumar discovered that there was also a market for devotional music, and began recording and selling it. Kumar noticed that many elderly Hindu followers could not read hymns and chants because of failing eyesight, so Kumar hired singers to record the chants and sold them as cheap cassettes. Later, he filmed major Hindu pilgrimages in India and sold them on VHS and video cassette tapes.
T-Series' first original film soundtrack release was for Lallu Ram in , with music scored by Ravindra Jain. The company's breakthrough came when it released the soundtrack for the Bollywood blockbuster Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak (also known as QSQT), directed by Mansoor Khan and starring Aamir Khan and Juhi Chawla. The Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak soundtrack, composed by Anand-Milind and written by Majrooh Sultanpuri, became the best-selling Indian soundtrack album of and one of the best-selling Indian soundtrack albums of the s, with more than 8 million units sold. The biggest hit song from the album was "Papa Kehte Hain", sung by Udit Narayan and picturised on Aamir Khan. T-Series founder Gulshan Kumar soon played a key role in Bollywood's cassette boom of the late s with his affordable T-Series albums.
T-Series later became a leading music label with the release of Aashiqui (), directed by Mahesh Bhatt. The Aashiqui film soundtrack album, composed by the duo Nadeem–Shravan, sold 20 million units in India, and is the best-selling Bollywood soundtrack album of all time. A cover version of "Dheere Dheere" from Aashiqui was later sung by Yo Yo Honey Singh and released by T-Series in
T-Series was largely responsible for sparking a boom for the Indian music industry in the early s. Many of the best-selling Bollywood music albums of the s, particularly those composed by Nadeem–Shravan, were released under the T-Series label. Besides music production, the company also began venturing into film production. The annual earnings of T-Series grew from ₹20 crore ($16 million) in to ₹ crore ($88 million) in , and by had reached ₹ crore ($ million).
In , T-Series founder Gulshan Kumar was murdered by the Mumbai mafia syndicate D-Company. His assassination also led to T-Series losing its most prolific musicians at the time, Nadeem–Shravan, due to Nadeem Akhtar Saifi initially being accused of involvement in the murder, before later being exonerated. After Gulshan Kumar's death in , the company has since been led by his son Bhushan Kumar, with the help of Gulshan's younger brother Krishan Kumar.
As a film production company, T-Series has had some moderate success. The highest-grossing T-Series film production to date is the critically acclaimed sleeper hit Hindi Medium (), written by Zeenat Lakhani, directed by Saket Chaudhary, and starring Irrfan Khan and Saba Qamar. It grossed ₹ crore ($46 million) worldwide, with $34 million in China alone, becoming one of the top 20 highest-grossing Indian films of all time.One of the most expensive Indian films was T-Series's Saaho, a sci-fi thriller with a production budget of ₹ crore (equivalent to ₹crore or US$42million in ), released in  T-Series is also producing a biopic film based on the life of its founder Gulshan Kumar, called Mogul, which is currently under production and is scheduled for release in 
See also: PewDiePie vs T-Series
T-Series joined YouTube on 13 March , but only started uploading videos in late Under this channel, T-Series primarily shows music videos and film trailers. By July , it had crossed 1 billion views, becoming the second Indian YouTube channel to cross the milestone after Rajshri Productions. In January , T-Series surpassed PewDiePie to become the world's most-viewed YouTube channel, and as of December it has over 92 billion views. The T-Series YouTube channel is run by a team of 13people at the T-Series headquarters.
As of September , T-Series has million subscribers, making it the most-subscribed YouTube channel, exceeding the second-placed PewDiePie by 82 million. When it reached 50 million subscribers, the channel received a Custom Ruby Play Button on 10 September  It is also the second channel ever to hit 70 million subscribers. It became the first channel on 29 May to hit million subscribers. On average, T-Series has 66, daily subscribers.
T-Series channel also owns a multi-channel network, with 29 channels(excluding Lahari Music), which include YouTube channels such as T-Series Tamil, T-Series Telugu, Bollywood Classics, T-Series Kids Hut, T-Series Apna Punjab, T-Series Kannada, Shabad Gurbani, Health And Fitness, T-Series Bhakti Sagar (mainly dedicated to Hindu devotional music, and to a lesser extent Jain, Sikh, Muslim, Buddhist and Christian), Pop Chartbusters, T-Series Malayalam, T-Series Classics, T-Series Regional, hamaarbhojpuri, T-Series Gujarati, T-Series Marathi, T-Series Bhavageethegalu & Folk, Bhakti Sagar Telugu, Bhakti Sagar Tamil, Bhakti Sagar Malayalam, T-Series Bhakti Marathi, Bhakti Sagar Kannada, T-Series Islamic Music, T-Series Kids Hut-Portuguese Fairy Tales, T-Series Haryanvi, T-Series Kids Hut-Telugu Kathalu, T-Series Kids Hut-Cuentos en Español and T-Series Kids Hut Tamil. On top of this, seven of their channels are among the top most-subscribed channels in India, including T-Series, Bhakti Sagar, Apna Punjab, Pop Chartbusters, Bollywood Classics, T-Series Regional, Lahari Music. T-Series' 29 channels accumulated a total of more than million YouTube subscribers as of July During January–July , T-Series earned an income of ₹ crore (equivalent to ₹crore or US$million in ) from YouTube. Online revenue contributes to at least 60% of the company's overall revenue.
The most popular song on the T-Series channel is "Dilbar" (), an updated version of a song from Sirf Tum originally composed by Nadeem–Shravan, reinvisioned by Tanishk Bagchi with Middle-Eastern musical influences, and a music video featuring Arabic belly dancing from Moroccan-Canadian dancer Nora Fatehi. It has become one of the most popular Bollywood music videos of all time, with its international success inspiring an Arabic language version released by T-Series, also featuring Nora Fatehi. "Dilbar" is popular across Southern Asia and the Arab world, with all versions of the song having received more than 1billion views on YouTube. The most popular T-Series artist on YouTube is Punjabi language artist Guru Randhawa, whose song "Lahore" () crossed million views on YouTube. "Slowly Slowly", Guru Randhawa's collaboration with American rapper Pitbull released by T-Series, received 38million views within a day, becoming one of the most-viewed music videos in 24 hours.
The growth of T-Series' YouTube channel has been attributed to India's emerging online population. India currently has million Internet users and this number is expected to grow rapidly. A major breakthrough in India's Internet growth came in September with the advent of 4G network Reliance Jio, offering data at very low costs. India has since emerged as the world's second-largest online population (behind China, where YouTube is blocked), with YouTube alone having over million monthly Indian users. India's high demand for YouTube content and the lack of local content creators has contributed significantly to the rapid growth of T-Series.
The growth of T-Series is also attributed to its growing audience outside of India. About 40% of the channel's traffic comes from outside of India, including 12% from the United States. The majority of the channel's overseas viewers belong to the global South Asian diaspora. More recently, the channel's overseas viewership has increased further, as a result of attention and controversy drawn to the channel by foreign YouTubers such as PewDiePie and MrBeast. On 22 February at AM, T-Series surpassed PewDiePie for the first time to become the most-subscribed YouTube channel, with PewDiePie regaining the spot 8 minutes later. T-Series overtook PewDiePie in a similar manner many more times over the following weeks, and on 27 March, finally gained and maintained, until 1 April, the top spot by a fluctuating, but overall growing, margin.
In November , T-Series filed a lawsuit against YouTube for infringing on the copyright of its music by allowing users to upload videos of its music onto YouTube, which could be accessed for free, and obtained an interim order against YouTube from the Delhi High Court, which restrained YouTube from infringing on its copyrights. T-Series and YouTube settled out of court in January 
In April , after PewDiePie released two diss tracks against T-Series, "Congratulations" and "Bitch Lasagna", T-Series filed a complaint with the Delhi High Court to have the songs removed from YouTube, arguing that they were "defamatory, disparaging, insulting, and offensive". Despite Kjellberg's statement that these diss tracks were "done in good fun", the court issued a temporary injunction in favour of T-Series on 8 April and access to the diss tracks on YouTube was blocked in India. In August , it was reported that T-Series and PewDiePie had settled their legal disputes outside of court.
List of artists
The following notable musical artists have worked with T-Series and/or had music released under the T-Series label:
|Papa The Great||Krishan Kumar, Nagma|
|Tum Bin||Priyanshu Chatterjee, Himanshu Malik|
|Aapko Pehle Bhi Kahin Dekha Hai||Priyanshu Chatterjee, Sakshi Shivanand|
|Humko Deewana Kar Gaye||Akshay Kumar, Katrina Kaif, Bipasha Basu, Anil Kapoor|
|Darling||Fardeen Khan, Esha Deol|
|Bhool Bhulaiyaa||Akshay Kumar, Ameesha Patel, Vidya Balan, Shiney Ahuja|
|Karzzzz||Himesh Reshammiya, Urmila Matondkar, Dino Morea, Shweta Kumar, Danny Denzongpa, Rohini Hattangadi, Smita Bansal, Gulshan Grover, Bakhtiyaar Irani, Raj Babbar, Himani Shivpuri, Tareena Patel, Asrani, Sudhir Dalvi, Imran Hasnee, Shiva Rindani|
|Radio: Love on Air||Himesh Reshammiya, Sonal Sehgal, Shenaz Treasurywala, Zakir Hussain, Paresh Rawal, Megha Narkar, Urvashi Yadav, Himani Shivpuri, Megha Chatterji, Akhil Mishra|
|Aashayein||John Abraham, Sonal Sehgal||Co-production with Percept Picture Company|
|Kajraare||Himesh Reshammiya, Sara Loren, Amrita Singh, Natasha Sinha, Gaurav Chanana, Javed Shaikh, Gulshan Grover, Anupam Shyam, Adnan Shah|
|Patiala House||Akshay Kumar, Anushka Sharma||Co-production with Hari Om Entertainment and Credence Motion Pictures|
|Ready||Salman Khan, Asin, Paresh Rawal||Co-production with Sohail Khan Productions|
|Nautanki Saala!||Ayushmann Khurrana, Pooja Salvi, Kunaal Roy Kapur||Co-production with R.S. Entertainment|
|Aashiqui 2||Aditya Roy Kapur, Shraddha Kapoor||Co-production with Vishesh Films|
|Yaariyan||Rakul Preet Singh|
|Bhoothnath Returns||Amitabh Bachchan, Boman Irani||Co-production with B.R Films|
|Hate Story 2||Surveen Chawla, Jay Bhanushali||Co-production with Vikram Bhatt productions|
|Creature 3D||Bipasha Basu, Imran Abbas|
|Baby||Akshay Kumar, Rana Daggubati, Taapsee Pannu||Co-production with Friday Filmworks, Cape of Good Films & Hari Om Entertainment|
|Roy||Arjun Rampal, Jacqueline Fernandez, Ranbir Kapoor|
|Ek Paheli Leela||Sunny Leone||Co-production with Paper Doll Entertainment|
|I Love NY||Sunny Deol, Kangana Ranaut|
|All Is Well||Abhishek Bachchan, Asin, Rishi Kapoor||alchemy productions|
|Bhaag Johnny||Kunal Khemu, Zoa Morani, Mandana Karimi||Co-production with Vikram Bhatt productions|
|Hate Story 3||Sharman Joshi, Karan Singh Grover, Zarine Khan, Daisy Shah||Co-production with Vikram Bhatt productions|
|Sanam Re||Pulkit Samrat, Yami Gautam|
|Airlift||Akshay Kumar, Nimrat Kaur||Co-production with Abundantia Entertainment, Cape of Good Films, Emmay Entertainment, Hari Om Entertainment|
|Teraa Surroor||Himesh Reshammiya, Farah Karimaee, Naseeruddin Shah, Shekhar Kapur, Monica Dogra, Kabir Bedi, Shernaz Patel, Abhishek Duhan, Suneel Dutt, Graham Mollory, Ann Marie O'Connor, Richard O'Leary, Warren Renwick, Maneesh Chandra Bhatt, Niraj Singh, Ravi Singh, Tereza, Naresh Suri||Co-production with HR Musik Limited|
|Sarbjit||Aishwarya Rai Bachchan, Randeep Hooda||Co-production with Pooja Entertainment, Legend Studios|
|Raaz: Reboot||Emraan Hashmi, Kriti Kharbanda||Co-production with Vishesh Films|
|Tum Bin 2||Neha Sharma, Aditya Seal, Aashim Gulati||Co-production with Benaras Mediaworks|
|Wajah Tum Ho||Sana Khan, Sharman Joshi, Gurmeet Choudhary|
|Junooniyat||Pulkit Samrat, Yami Gautam|
|Noor||Sonakshi Sinha, Purab Kohli||Co-production with Abundantia Entertainment|
|Hindi Medium||Irrfan Khan||Co-production with Maddock Films|
|FU: Friendship Unlimited||Aakash Thosar, Satya Manjrekar||Marathi film;|
Co-production with Cut2Cut Movies
|Raabta||Sushant Singh Rajput, Kriti Sanon||Co-production with Maddock Films|
|Baadshaho||Ajay Devgn, Emraan Hashmi, Ileana D'Cruz, Esha Gupta, Vidyut Jammwal||Co-production with Vertex Motion Pictures|
|Simran||Kangana Ranaut||Co-production with Karma Features, Adarsh Telemedia & Fortune Films (USA)|
|Bhoomi||Sanjay Dutt, Aditi Rao Hydari||Co-production with Legend Studios|
|Chef||Saif Ali Khan||Co-production with Abundantia Entertainment, Bandra West Pictures|
|Star Gold Mumbai Special 6 3D: The Cycle Competition 3 At Wankhede Stadium And The Wonder Of Verma Once Again||Akshay Kumar, Sunny Deol, Soha Ali Khan, Shivam Patil, Aanchal Munjal, Rishabh Arora, Narendra Jha, Diana Khan, Kaushal Kapoor, Varun Dhawan, Himansh Kohli, Ruhanika Dhawan, Hrithik Roshan, Sachin Khedekar||Co Produced With Ajay Kapoor, Sunil Lulla and Produced By Reliance Entertainment, Viacom 18 Motion Pictures|
|Tumhari Sulu||Vidya Balan||Co-production with Ellipsis Entertainment|
|Sonu Ke Titu Ki Sweety||Kartik Aaryan, Nushrat Bharucha, Sunny Singh||Co-production with Luv Films|
|The Grihapravesh Pooja At 25 March||The Voice Of Bengaluru, Karnataka, India In My Family||Co Production with Ajay Kapoor, Sunil Lulla And Produced By Dharmendra, Sunny Deol in Vijayta Films And Presented By Gulshan Kumar From Eros International|
|Hate Story 4||Urvashi Rautela, Vivan Bhatena, Ihana Dhillon, Karan Wahi|
|Raid||Ajay Devgn, Ileana D'Cruz, Saurabh Shukla||Co-production with Panorama Studios|
|Blackmail||Irrfan Khan, Kirti Kulhari||Co-production with RDP Motion Pictures|
|Fanney Khan||Anil Kapoor, Aishwarya Rai, Rajkummar Rao||Co-production with Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra Pictures, Anil Kapoor Films & Communication Network.|
|Satyameva Jayate||John Abraham, Manoj Bajpayee, Aisha Sharma, Amruta Khanvilkar||Co-production with Emmay Entertainment|
|Batti Gul Meter Chalu||Shahid Kapoor, Shraddha Kapoor, Yami Gautam||Co-production with Kriti Pictures|
|Why Cheat India||Emraan Hashmi, Shreya Dhanwanthary||Co-production with Emraan Hashmi Films, Ellipsis Entertainment|
|De De Pyaar De||Ajay Devgn, Tabu, Jimmy Sheirgill, Rakul Preet Singh||Co-production with Luv Films|
|Bharat||Salman Khan, Katrina Kaif, Disha Patani||Co-Production with Salman Khan Films, Reel Life Productions|
|Kabir Singh||Shahid Kapoor, Kiara Advani||Co-production with Cine1 Studios|
|Malaal||Meezaan Jaffery, Sharmin Segal||Co-Production with Bhansali Productions|
|Arjun Patiala||Kriti Sanon, Diljit Dosanjh, Varun Sharma||Co-Production with Maddock Films|
|Khandaani Shafakhana||Sonakshi Sinha, Badshah, Varun Sharma, Annu Kapoor||Co-Production with Sundial Productions|
|Batla House||John Abraham, Mrunal Thakur||Co-production with JA Entertainment, Emmay Entertainment|
|Saaho||Prabhas, Shraddha Kapoor||Co-Production with UV Creations; Trilingual film (Hindi, Tamil, and Telugu)|
|Section||Akshaye Khanna, Richa Chaddha, Rahul Bhat, Meera Chopra||Co-production with Panorama Studios|
|Daaka||Gippy Grewal, Zarine Khan||Co-production with Humble Motion Pictures.Punjabi Film|
|Satellite Shankar||Sooraj Pancholi, Megha Akash||Co-Production with Cine1 Studios|
|Marjaavaan||Siddharth Malhotra, Ritesh Deshmukh, Rakul Preet Singh, Tara Sutaria||Co-production with Emmay Entertainment|
|Pagalpanti||Anil Kapoor, John Abraham, Ileana D'Cruz, Arshad Warsi, Pulkit Samrat, Kriti Kharbanda, Urvashi Rautela, Saurabh Shukla||Co-production with Panorama Studios|
|Pati Patni Aur Woh||Kartik Aaryan, Bhumi Pednekar, Ananya Panday||Co-production with B.R. Studios|
|Denotes films that have not yet been released|
|Tanhaji||Ajay Devgn, Saif Ali Khan, Kajol, Sharad Kelkar||Co-production with Ajay Devgn FFilms|
|Jai Mummy Di||Sunny Singh, Sonnalli Seygall, Supriya Pathak, Poonam Dhillon||Co-Production with Luv Films|
|Street Dancer 3D||Varun Dhawan, Shraddha Kapoor, Prabhu Deva, Nora Fatehi||Co-Production with Remo D'Souza Entertainment|
|Malang||Anil Kapoor, Aditya Roy Kapur, Disha Patani, Kunal Khemu||Co-production with Luv Films and Northern Lights Entertainment|
|Shubh Mangal Zyada Saavdhan||Ayushmann Khurrana, Jitendra Kumar, Gajraj Rao, Neena Gupta||Co-Production with Colour Yellow Productions|
|Thappad||Taapsee Pannu, Pavail Gulati||Co-Production with Benaras Media Works|
|Ludo||Abhishek Bachchan, Rajkummar Rao, Fatima Sana Shaikh, Aditya Roy Kapur, Sanya Malhotra, Pankaj Tripathi, Rohit Suresh Saraf, Pearle Maaney, Inayat Verma.||Co-Production with Anurag Basu Productions;|
Release on Netflix.
|Chhalaang||Rajkummar Rao, Nushrat Bharucha||Co-Production with Luv Films, Ajay Devgn FFilms;|
Release on Amazon Prime Video
|Durgamati||Bhumi Pednekar, Arshad Warsi, Mahie Gill||Co-Production with Abundantia Entertainment, Cape of Good Films;|
Release on Amazon Prime Video
|Indoo Ki Jawani||Kiara Advani, Aditya Seal, Mallika Dua||Co-Production with Emmay Entertainment, Electric Apples|
|Madam Chief Minister||Richa Chadda, Manav Kaul, Akshay Oberoi, Saurabh Shukla||Co-Production with Kangra Talkies Production|
|Tuesdays and Fridays||Anmol Dhillon, Jhataleka Malhotra, Zoa Morani, Reem Sheikh, Parmeet Sethi||Co-production with Bhansali Productions|
|Mumbai Saga||John Abraham, Emraan Hashmi, Jackie Shroff, Suniel Shetty, Prateik Babbar, Gulshan Grover, Rohit Roy, Amole Gupte||Co-production with White Feather Films|
|Saina||Parineeti Chopra||Co-Production with Front Foot Pictures|
|Koi Jaane Na||Kunal Kapoor, Amyra Dastur||Co-Production with Amin Hajee Film Company|
|Sardar Ka Grandson||Arjun Kapoor, Rakul Preet Singh, Neena Gupta||Co-Production with Emmay Entertainment and JA Entertainment;|
Released on Netflix
|Sherni||Vidya Balan||Co-production with Abundantia Entertainment;|
Released on Amazon Prime Video
|Haseen Dillruba||Taapsee Pannu, Vikrant Massey, Harshvardhan Rane||Co-production with Colour Yellow Productions and Eros International;|
Released on Netflix
|Bhuj: The Pride of India||Ajay Devgn, Sanjay Dutt, Sonakshi Sinha, Nora Fatehi, Ammy Virk, Pranitha Subhash||Co-Production with Ajay Devgn FFilms and Select Media Holdings LLP;|
Released on Disney+Hotstar
|Shiddat||Sunny Kaushal, Radhika Madan, Mohit Raina, Diana Penty||Co-Production with Maddock Films;|
Released on Disney+Hotstar
|Chhorii||Nushrat Bharucha||Co-Production with Crypt TV, Abundantia Entertainment|
Releasing on November on Amazon Prime Video
|Atrangi Re||Akshay Kumar, Dhanush, Sara Ali Khan||Co-Production with Colour Yellow Productions, Cape of Good Films;|
Releasing on Netflix.
|Satyameva Jayate 2||John Abraham, Divya Khosla Kumar||Co-Production with Emmay Entertainment;|
Releasing on 26 November 
|Chandigarh Kare Aashiqui||Ayushmann Khurrana, Vaani Kapoor||Co-Production with Guy in the Sky Pictures;|
Releasing on 10 December 
|Radhe Shyam||Prabhas, Pooja Hegde||Co-Production with UV Creations; Bilingual film (Telugu and Hindi)|
Releasing on 30 July 
|Bhool Bhulaiyaa 2||Kartik Aaryan, Kiara Advani||Co-Production with Cine1 Studios;|
Releasing on 25 March
|Cirkus||Ranveer Singh, Pooja Hegde, Jacqueline Fernandez||Co-Production with Reliance Entertainment, Rohit Shetty Picturez;|
|Ek Villain Returns||John Abraham, Arjun Kapoor, Disha Patani, Tara Sutaria||Co-Production with Balaji Motion Pictures;|
Released 8 July 
|Untitled film||Ranbir Kapoor, Shraddha Kapoor||Co-Production with Luv Films;|
Releasing on 
|Adipurush||Prabhas, Saif Ali Khan||Co-Production with Retrophiles Production; Bilingual film (Telugu and Hindi)|
Releasing on 11 August 
|Animal |||Ranbir Kapoor, Bobby Deol, Anil Kapoor, Parineeti Chopra||Co-Production with Bhadrakali Pictures Productions and Cine 1 Studios;|
Releasing on 5 October 
|Anek||Ayushmann Khurrana||Co-Production with Benaras Mediaworks;|
Released on 
|TBA||Jhund||Amitabh Bachchan||Co-production with Tandav Films Entertainment Pvt.Ltd, Aatpat Films;|
|TBA||Dahi Cheeni||R. Madhavan, Khushali Kumar|||
|TBA||Thank God||Ajay Devgn, Sidharth Malhotra and Rakul Preet Singh||Filming|
|TBA||Dedh Bigha Zameen||Pratik Gandhi and Khushali Kumar||Filming|
This is a list of soundtrack albums that were published under the T-Series label, excluding films that were also produced by T-Series (see Production filmography above).
T-Series collaborated with Lahari Music.
T-Series collaborated with Lahari Music, Big Music and other prominent labels.
T-Series collaborated with Lahari Music.
- ^ ab"SUPER CASSETTES INDUSTRIES PRIVATE LIMITED". OpenCorporates. Archived from the original on 18 September Retrieved 17 September
- ^ ab"Super Cassettes Industries Ltd.: Private Company Information". Bloomberg.com. Archived from the original on 27 March
- ^ abcd"PewDiePie's Tumultuous Reign as YouTube King Is Almost Over". Bloomberg. 15 November Archived from the original on 17 November Retrieved 17 November
- ^ ab"About T-Series". YouTube.
- ^"It's all in the name". India Today. 6 April Archived from the original on 24 August Retrieved 24 August
- ^ abKohli-Khandekar, Vanita (20 December ). "Tea with BS: Bhushan Kumar". Business Standard India. Archived from the original on 7 July Retrieved 7 July
- ^"Going solo: The era of Indi-pop albums and singles is back". Hindustan Times. 20 April Archived from the original on 25 November Retrieved 24 November
- ^Malvania, Urvi (21 April ). "Sony Music eyes numero uno position in India". Business Standard. Archived from the original on 9 January Retrieved 8 January
- ^T-Series becomes first YouTube channel with million subscribers, beats PewDiePie by comfortable marginArchived 29 May at the Wayback MachineTimes News Now, 29 May
- ^ ab"T-Series YouTube Stats, Channel Statistics". Social Blade. Archived from the original on 2 September Retrieved 1 April
- ^ abc"Music Hits – (Figures in Units)". Box Office India. 2 January Archived from the original on 2 January
- ^ abBiswas, Soutik (20 December ). "PewDiePie v T-Series: The battle to be king of YouTube". BBC News. Archived from the original on 21 December Retrieved 22 December
- ^ abLaghate, Gaurav; Sachitanand, Rahul (9 February ). "How Bhushan Kumar has transformed T-Series into an entertainment behemoth". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 2 September Retrieved 2 January
- ^"Super Cassettes Industries Private Limited". OpenCorporates. Archived from the original on 18 September Retrieved 17 September
- ^ abcd"How a Bollywood Music Label Conquered YouTube". The New York Times. 14 November Archived from the original on 17 November Retrieved 17 November
- ^"Gulshan Kumar: From obscure fruit-juice seller to king of music". India Today. 25 August Archived from the original on 15 November Retrieved 10 May
- ^ abNihalani, Govind; Chatterjee, Saibal (). Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Popular Prakashan. p. ISBN. Archived from the original on 20 November Retrieved 11 December
- ^Manuel, P. (). Cassette Culture: Popular Music and Technology in North India. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. ISBN.
- ^Sundaram, Ravi (30 July ). Pirate modernity: Delhi's media urbanism. Routledge. p. ISBN.
- ^ ab"Rediff On The Net, Movies: How Gulshan Kumar signed his own death warrant". Rediff. 2 September Archived from the original on 26 January Retrieved 11 December
- ^ abLawrence Liang and Ravi Sundaram (). "8". In Karaganis, Joe (ed.). Media Piracy in Emerging Economies. Social Science Research Council. p. ISBN. Retrieved 16 April
- ^Biswas, Soutik (20 December ). "PewDiePie v T-Series: The battle to be king of YouTube". BBC News. Archived from the original on 26 December Retrieved 8 January
- ^Booth, Gregory D. (). Behind the Curtain: Making Music in Mumbai's Film Studios. Oxford University Press. p. ISBN. Retrieved 28 November
- ^"Music Hits –". Box Office India. 5 February Archived from the original on 5 February
- ^ ab"Top 25 films between the years –". Filmfare. 18 February Archived from the original on 10 December Retrieved 10 December
- ^"Hindi films: There's now big bucks in audio rights". India Today. 31 December Archived from the original on 10 December Retrieved 21 May
- ^"Papa Kehte Hain Bada Naam Karega [Full HD Song] | Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak | Aamir Khan". T-Series. 26 May Archived from the original on 14 March Retrieved 9 December via YouTube.
- ^"India Today". India Today. Thomson Living Media India Limited. 17: Archived from the original on 27 March Retrieved 10 December
- ^"India Today". India Today. Aroon Purie for Living Media India Limited. 19: Archived from the original on 27 March Retrieved 11 December
- ^"11 "FILMS IN NINE MONTHS FOR T-SERIES". Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved 21 October
- ^Bhargava, Simran (15 January ). "As music market expands rapidly, India becomes one of the largest producers of cassettes". India Today. Archived from the original on 10 December Retrieved 19 September
- ^"Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average)". World Bank. Archived from the original on 10 December Retrieved 9 December
- ^ ab"The Mafia Calls The Shots". Outlook. 25 August Archived from the original on 12 December Retrieved 11 December
- ^"Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average)". World Bank. Archived from the original on 11 December Retrieved 9 December
- ^"Gulshan murder: Approver denies knowing anything about the case". 8 August Archived from the original on 6 December Retrieved 3 September
- Dripping icicle lights
- Frans undertale
- Tv shows popular
- Caregiver homes quincy ma
- Bullet sizing dies
- California 2016 540
- Royal pool supplies
- Fursuit head base foam